French Revolution Poster
In 1791 King Louis XVI tried to escape. He tried to escape because some of his advisers told him he was in danger with the National Assembly creating a new relationship between church and state. They planned to escape to the Netherlands but when they were recognized at the border, were sent back to Paris. This sealed his fate as a monarch.
The rights of man
The Declaration of rights of man and of the citizen, stated that "men are born equal and remain free and equal in rights." It also gave Liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression rights. Citizens also got the privilege of equal justice, freedom of speech, and freedom of religion. With these rights the expression "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity" was created.
Assembly took over the church and the church lost its land and political independence. This happened because taking over church land and selling it, helped pay off France's debt. Peasants believed that the pope should take over the church, so many peasants opposed assembly's reforms.
In 1791, assembly created a new constitution. It was approved my King Louis which limited his power. This opened up a new assembly called the Legislative Assembly. It could create laws and call or oppose declarations of war.
Reign of Terror
Maximilien Robespierre had ruled during the reign of terror. His task was to protect the enemies of the revolution but the task went to far. As many as 40,000 people were executed for even the smallest things. 84% of the people were peasants.