Chapters 3-8 Project-The Odyssey

By: Lauren Ashley

Summary of Chapters 3-8

  • Telemachus sails and arrives at Pylos, the land of King Nestor.
  • Telemachus finds out that King Nestor knows and is good friends with Odysseus.
  • Nestor sends Telemachus and Athena (disguised as Nestor) to Sparta.
  • Menelaus, King of Sparta, praises Odysseus, and Telemachus cries.
  • The King tells Telemachus that they heard Odysseus is alive and living with the nymph, Calypso.
  • Athena pleads to the Gods to release Odysseus from being held captive by Calypso
  • Zeus sends Hermes to release Odysseus from Calypso, and he is released.
  • Poseidon is mad at Odysseus and sends a storm to destroy his raft when he tries to leave.
  • Odysseus washes up on the island of Sheria, home of the Phaecians.
  • Odysseus wakes up and some local girls help him into town.
  • Odysseus meets the King and Queen of Sheria and tells them stories from fighting in the Trojan war. (cyclops)


(Picture-Calypso is trying to convince Odysseus to stay with her by promising him immortality.)

Characters

Odysseus: Main character, trying to get home after fighting for 10 years in Trojan War

Telemachus: Odysseus's son, sets out on journey to find father

Athena: Daughter of Zeus, Goddess of Wisdom, helps Odysseus

Poseidon: King of the Sea, does not like Odysseus and tries to kill him with a storm

Menelaus: King of Sparta, husband of Helen of Troy, friends with Odysseus

Nestor: King of Pylos

Calypso: Nymph that held Odysseus captive on an island for 7 years in hopes of marrying him

Hermes: Greek messenger god, tells Calypso to release Odysseus by order of Zeus and request by Athena

Alcinous: King of Sheria (Phacians) Generous and kind, listens to Odysseus's battle stories over a feast

Arete: Queen of Sheria (Phacians) Generous and kind, listens to Odysseus's battle stories over a feast

Nausicaa: Princess of Sheria (Phacians) Finds Odysseus washed ashore and helps him into town to meet the king and queen (her parents).

Quotes

1. "Before the end my heart was broken down. I slumped on the trampled sand and cried aloud, caring no more for life or the light of day, and rolled there weeping, till my tears were spent." -Book 4


2. "I long for home, long for the sight of home. If any god has marked me out again for shipwreck, my tough heart can undergo it. What hardship have I not long since endured at sea, in battle! Let the trial come." -Book 5


3. "Little one, could you take me to the house of that Alkinous, king among these people? You see, I am a poor old stranger here; my home is far away; here there is no one known to me, in countryside of city." -Book 8

Theme

A major theme in chapters 3-8 was hospitality. Hospitality was first shown to Telemachus by Nestor, then Menelaus. Then, it was shown to Odysseus by King Alcinous and Queen Arete, the king and queen of Sheria. (as well as Nausicaa, the Phacian princess)