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History of the Fire Extinguisher - Find Out Who Invented the Fire Extinguisher

The portable fire extinguisher is a vital appliance in every workplace nowadays, not least because authorities recognizing their vital part in fire security have made it illegal to not provide them. Have you ever wondered how long these ingenious devices have been around, or that it was who invented them?

Who Invented The First Fire Extinguisher?

The solution to this depends on what you mean by fire extinguisher. The very first example of something recognizable as a mobile fire fighting device can be found almost 200 years ago. George Manby made this breakthrough from England in 1813 with what he called a 'Extincteur'. It consisted of a gas container which had inside it three liters of potassium carbonate solution and compressed air. This was the first example of the simple principle behind all fire today, where a fire suppressant is propelled out of a container by a pressurized gas.

Credit should be given, but to the chemist Ambrose Godfrey, who invented the very first automated fire fighting apparatus ninety years before Manby's portable extinguisher. Abrose Godfrey's fire extinguisher was not supposed to be portable, but to be abandoned in place in a room to protect it in case fire started. It could be regarded as a precursor to modern day irrigation methods. Godfrey's device had a series of fuses, which could be ignited in case a fire started in the area. These would then detonate a small explosive charge within a container full of liquid, which was subsequently sprinkled round the room, extinguishing the flames.

George Manby's inventiveness did not finish with this device, and he made various different inventions which relied on exploiting the power of small explosions. One of the best known of them was the Manby Mortar, that was used to help rescue ships in distress, by firing ropes from land onto the stricken vessels. His additional ideas and inventions included a method to rescue people who had dropped into water through ice along with a mechanism to save people trapped in burning buildings by letting them jump to safety. He was also the first person to come up with the suggestion that there must be a national fire rescue service.

Who Invented the Soda-Acid Fire Extinguisher

The soda-acid fire extinguisher works by mixing together two materials that react to produce carbon dioxide gas, which is then utilized to propel a liquid in the extinguisher. The very first illustration of a soda-acid fire extinguisher was in 1866 when Francois Carlier improved his in France. In this example tartaric acid has been mixed with a solution of sodium bicarbonate to produce the gas.

From the US the first example of a soda-acid fire extinguisher is the one patented by Almon M Granger in 1881, who employed concentrated sulfuric acid in his version of this fire extinguisher. All soda-acid extinguishers worked on the exact same basic principle, which was the acid was included within a small vial inside the appliance, and one of several systems might be used for releasing the acid into the pop up solution.

Normally the trigger to release the acid and combine the compounds would be a plunger or other system resulting in the breaking of this vial, or a lever method to discharge a stopper out of one end of it. Either way, once the acid was released, the reaction produced carbon dioxide, which then forced liquid from the appliance in a jet, which could be directed at the flame by means of a hose or nozzle.

The first known illustration of a compound foam fire extinguisher has been devised in Russia from Alexander Laurant in 1905. The idea was quite similar to the principles of this soda-acid extinguisher, but a foam chemical was included, which induced a few of the gas to be trapped inside the liquid, making a foam. The foam chemical was seemingly often created from licorice root, which could be in the soda remedy. The extinguishers were often activated by turning the appliance upside down to mix the chemicals.

Also called CTC fire extinguishers, the carbon tetrachloride extinguisher was initially invented by the firm Pyrene about 1912. The extinguishers propelled the liquid CTC in the flame by way of a hand pump. The CTC vaporized and generated a thick suffocating blanket within the fires, starving the fire of oxygen and preventing combustion. There was also a 'bomb' version of this CTC extinguisher in the form of a glass bottle that you threw at the flame.

The effectiveness of the CTC extinguisher on liquid and electric fires made them quite popular with all the automotive sector for quite a while, although the by-products of the process could have very serious health effects, especially in confined spaces. It was so later replaced with extinguishers with less toxic chemicals.

That same standard principle devised by George Manby, in which a gas is used to induce a combustion suppressant out of a container, is still the principal mechanism behind all modern day mobile fire extinguishers. Most contemporary fire extinguishers will work on one of two main systems. The compressed gas will either be stored inside the main container itself, known as stored strain type extinguishers, or in a little cartridge inside, known as gas capsule type extinguishers.

Stored pressure are the most frequent type of extinguishers, the advantage of gas capsule being that they are simpler to recharge if used rather often. Carbon dioxide fire extinguishers are the sole exception to this because they simply contain liquid carbon dioxide under pressure.

The development and refinement of portable fire extinguishers has come a very long way in the previous two hundred decades. The many distinct sorts of fire have now been classified, and all modern day fire extinguishers are provided a rating show which kind of fires they're safe to use on and just how effective they are. These classifications and ratings are a significant development because handling a fire with the incorrect kind of fire extinguisher may have very serious effects, such as electrocution trigger employing a water extinguisher on an electrical fire. To know more about this click fire extinguisher refill