Key Period 6

Gilded Age, Populism and Progressivism 1865-1898

Ida B. Wells

An African American journalist and big part of the civil rights movement. Before in Wells life she had a teaching job and she taught and was critical of the blacks only school and called them out and was fired for doing so. Wells also had a life impacting moment when her friends were wrongfully accused of murder and instead of a trial they instead were killed by lynch mobs and that caused Wells to write about and actually giving an impacting reason why lynching is wrong and sent it to the white house to be examine and futurity end lynching.

Booker T. Washington

The leader of an African American community, and an author of his many philosophies. He had many ideas on the solutions of black society, but people like W.E.B. Du Bois disagreed since Du Bois would argue that Washington is actually trying to boost up the whites' supremacy.

APA (American Protective Association)

The American Protective Association (APA) known to be Anti-Catholic secret society made in 1887 made by American Protestants. To prevent Catholic church to get into the U.S, to protect its "American way". So in a way to prevent immigrants to go to church or come to U.S.

Chinese Exclusion Act

Federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882. Passed since Chinese laborers were taking jobs in America for gold mining and building of the transcontinental railroad. It was to prohibit immigrants from China to work in the U.S since it was feared that the Chinese economy would become superior. Page (561)

Corporate Titans

Rockefeller, Morgan, and Carnegie used vertical integrating which is when a company controls all aspects of production to justify their standing as company leaders. (Pg.547)


workers organized to achieve better working conditions and better pay.

  • Knights of Labor: This union was the most important union of the late nineteenth century, they were a secret society of garment workers who had a strong political bent and who served as delegates. (Pg.567-568)
  • American Federation of Labor(AFL): founded by craft unions, it was made up of relatively skilled and well paid workers. It started off small but eventually became the nations leading voice for workers and outlasted the Knights of Labor. They weren't as welcoming to blacks and women as the Knights of Labor was. (pg.570)

New South

The New South rejected the traditions of the Old South and stretched from New England to Chicago. The staple agriculture from the Old South continued to dominate, Also the production of textiles, coal and iron began. (pg.557)

Sierra Club

The Sierra Club battled over natural resources between government and business because their goal was to preserve America's greatest mountains. (Pg.583)

Populists Party

A US political party that sought to represent the interests of farmers and laborers in the 1890s wanted to increase Currency issue and free coinage of gold and silver (Pg.542)
  • Homestead Act: The homestead acts were several United States federal laws they gave ownership of land at little or no cost. Also gave said to lose 160 acres.
  • Subsidies to Railroads: As found on (page 511) subsidies to railroads offered the promise of year-round all weather service. Locomotives could now run in the dark and never need rest unless to take Coal and water .
  • Land-grant colleges: The goal of these land grant colleges was to expand educational opportunities and Foster technical and scientific expertise shown on (page 516) second paragraph.

***Dawes Act***

The 1887 law that gave native Americans ownership of land by dividing reservations into homesteads. This resulted in the loss of 66% of lanes held by Indians at the time of the laws passage shown on (page 532)

Ghost Dance

Was based on the performance of a ritual dance that would restore the traditional lands and way of life which combined elements of Christianity . This was central to the appraising that was crushed at the Battle of wounded knee shown on (page 534)

The Grange

The grange was economic regulatory laws passed in Summit western states in the 1870s seen on page (566)