The Socialization Process

"Chapter 18" By: Abby Timm-Haworth

What is Socialization?

Socialization is the process by which people acquire the attitudes, beliefs, and behavior patterns of a society.

(For example, Parents and family members are the strongest force in socializing children, even if their in adulthood.)


Also socialization can be carried out by neighbors, friends, teachers, religious leaders, and others in the community.

When does this start?

The socialization process begins at infancy, when babies learn what their family expects of them. Kinds of behavior are learned by imitating the actions of their family members or by observing how they respond to the babies’ own actions.

Soon the child quickly discover which actions please their parents and which are not acceptable. Also socialization takes place through direct teaching. (Example: Parents may explain to their toddler that people should not undress in public.) Lessons help teach the general rules of conducting in our society, but these are not the same in all cultures. Eventually, children become less self-centered. they learn that other people have their own needs and rights. they begin to understand what is fair and what is not fair. They learn to respect the rules and limits that protect themselves, others, property, and the environment. Then when they enter school their socialization process is well underway.


School-aged Children

School-age children learn how to settle their differences verbally, without resorting to physical violence. Some may need help with understanding how their behavior affects other children or adults. Teachers help children learn about the rights of individuals, equality, and freedom of speech.