Living in Canada in 2035

By Puneet

Will Canada be the best place to live in 2035

Canada in it's current state is progressing well. But, what will Canada need to have a stable future. Canada will need a stable population, a stable climate, sustainable resources, and efficient land use. This smore will teach you about our current trends and future trends.

Changing Populations

Canada's population currently is over 35 and a half million and in 2010 it was about 34 million according to statists Canada. This has not been a big increase and has caused many questions for the future of Canada's population. Canada is stage four in the population pyramid, meaning that Canada has a low birth rate, a low death rate, and a stable population. Canada's population increase is about 1.6. That means that an average women is having 1.6 or 1 child. The problem with these statics are that the number of children being born today will not be able to sustain the retiring people from the baby boom, and in future years the echo boom . There are many reasons for these changes in our population. First, women are going to school. When majority of women did not attend school such as in the 1960's they could stay at home to take care of their children. Now women are waiting to finish post secondary school to start a family causing Canada's population to increase at a smaller rate. The second factor being cost. A child is expensive, according to "moneysense Canada" which has said that raising a child in Canada till the age of 18 will cost over 200 000 dollars. If Canada needed an average of 3 children per family then that would be a huge cost of 600 000 dollars.

Immigration has been around in Canada since the 1600's when the French and England set up colonies here. The purpose of which was too participate in the fur trade. Soon after the potato famine hit, others came to Canada for a better life. In 1872 Canada offered 160 acres of land to anyone 21 or older, causing more immigration to happen. Canada's cold winter's came around and many young settlers left. But as the 1900's came around many settlers came to settle in Canada of the thoughts of free land. As the great depression hit immigration was scars. After the depression and WWII immigrants were staring to roll on back . Canada has lived off immigration and now Canada need's to relay on immigrant's again. Immigration is a life line in our population dilemma. Canada will need immigration to help support the economy and the effects of the baby boom. People from the 1940's - 1960's are now in retirement. With many of these seniors needing care. In our current state Canada does not have enough people to sustain its retiring population. Canada is in need for doctors, nurses and people going into the service industry. So if Canada had a steady flow of immigrants that fit the requirements, then the future of Canada's population should be fine. Why would somebody immigrate to Canada now or in the future? It is a good question, there are two factors that go into immigrating or emigrating. There called pull and push factors. Push factors would be war, bad life, no schools, no job, too many people. Pull factors would be better life, good health care, schools, no war.

The FNMI

The First nations, Métis, and Inuit make up a group of the ancestors of the original settlers here in Canada. In 1876 Canada made the Indian act, the act was a list of requirements that proved if you were a status Indian, it had some benefits as in no taxes, getting money, and living on reserves . But, many First nations still pay taxes and don't receive as much money as Canada wants you to think. Canada took it too far by making first nations stay in reservations. Where there were taught to be "civilized". Métis and Inuit did not get status and did not achieve the benefits that came with status. But as we know reservations were never really that good. Luckily Canada has gotten rid of reserves. Now some first nations are saying to get rid of the Indian act but that is still in discussion. The first nation population is also young and increasing. More first nations are having kids at a younger age and moving into the city to get a job.

Perditions

Canada's population in the future will grow. I feel that it will be driven by immigration. This will also drive Canada's economy by making many new jobs. The majority of the population will live in the suburbs and the city. With many people in rural areas moving inward to the city because of the advancement of agriculture food technology and the lack of pay. Canada intakes about 240 000 immigrants per year(2014). By the year 2035 immigration should increase to 300 000. Immigration should increase because of the vast amount of jobs Canadians need to fill. Jobs for nurses, doctors and other priority jobs will be need to be filled. This may cause Canada to increase its requirements for immigrating to Canada. These immigrants will mostly come from India and China. As more and more First nations move to the city there children will grow up, and go to school, learn about birth control and go to post secondary school. This will slow the growth of the First nation's population. I believe the Indian act will stay here because there is know majority decision in which favor First nations are in. That is what the population, immigration, and the FNMI trend will be like in 2035.

Interactions in the Physical Enviroment

Canada's climate is mixed. The climate of Canada also depends on the climate of the smaller regions. Where as in Ontario it might be a little warmer in the winter than let say Manitoba. Many factors go into a regions climate. Climate factors are the factors that affect one region 's climate. There are 6 natural factors. LOWERN, this stands for Latitude, ocean currents, wind, elevation, relief, and finally water. These factors control what climate a city, a town, a province, will have. Latitude, Earth is on an angle which means that when the sun's heat hit's the Earth surface it will be more concentrated in one area than another. Ocean currents, it mostly takes place in west coast Canada and British Columbia. Warm currents flow to Canada from California and the on shore breeze passes over the water, this will warm up the air and it makes the coast of Canada warmer that it is suppose too. Wind, there are two regions, continental and maritime . The maritime regions are moist and continental regions are dry. Because Canada has a dry air mass the cold air from the arctic makes the temperature here in Canada colder. Elevation, it happens in places with mountains. The higher up you go in elevation the air pressure drops making the air thinner and colder. Relief, it happens where mountain provide a shore from an on shore breeze. As the wind moves inwards it has to be moved up the mountain. The air cools making it snow or rain. As the wind goes down the mountain to the leeward side it heats up. Causing a very dry desert area. Finally water, in a continental region there is less perception and a large difference between winter and summer months. In a maritime region, there is a huge amount of perception and the difference is low between summer and winter. The regions also depend on physical features, as in mountains or proximity to water. Also, the region's depend on the vegetation zone. If it were in the tundra it would be very cold mostly all year long and have permafrost. There are also other forms of vegetation, these includes soil types, trees, etc. That is Canada's climate.

Predictions

Climate change in the future will be slightly different. Factors such as in the LOWERN factors will stay the same. Canada will still have weather and climate. If pollution increases then we will experience some violent weather and the possibility of our ice caps melting at a faster rate. The big change 2035 hold's in store for us is fuel efficacy. As in present day how more and more hybrid and all electric cars get thrown into the market every day. The future should look a little better. Also, if Canada would allow it by then, self driving cars will be in the market. These cars drive by themselves and will save fuel because the best part is that there battery powered. These changes will bring co2 emissions really low making our air cleaner and slower the problem of global warming .

Managing Canada'a Resources and industries

Canada is full of resources. There are two types, Renewable and non renewable. Renewable recourses include solar energy, and wind energy, or anything that can replenish very quickly or last for a very long time(such as wind or the sun). Non-renewable resources include , oil, minerals, coal or anything that can't replenish or will take a long time to come back. In a sense all resources are renewable but it depends on the way we can use them. If Canada were to use less oil then there would be more oil left in the world, letting oil replenish at a faster rate. Having these resources are great but using them sustainably is the best way to make sure they will be enough for the next time around. One way Canada can do this is by limiting it's use of oil and other non-renewable resources. Canada should put more money into renewable energy. By doing this Canada will have a backbone in cutting edge technology and a greener ecosystem. Canada's global connections are strong. Canada exports majority of minerals and oils , vehicle parts, stones, plastics, etc. Of these material , 74% of all exports go to The United Sates of America. 4.3% goes to china and 4.1% goes to the UK. The USA has the largest connection with Canada, this being that Canada imports from the US . Can this connection be bad? Mot really, Oil is a big concern, If the Xl pipeline were to be made .The problem here is that Canada wants money and the USA wants oil causing most of the oil to go to the USA. To get these resources you need people to work and get the oil or minerals. There are 4 sectors. Primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary industries. These industries make up Canada's work force. The most popular being tertiary. The primary industry are farmers, and miners and make up only 2% of the work force. Secondary industry make resources into products. Tertiary industries are the workforce that work in the service industry. The quaternary industry are the researchers.

Predictions

In 2035 Canada will still have all of it's resources. Oil, coal, wind, water, nuclear, and sun power will still be here. If the xl pipeline gets built which it might, then it would strength Canada's economy but drain a lot of Canada's oil. The advancements in technology may help's us in the future by liming the impact we put on the environment. The connection between the USA, China, and the UK are likely to stay. Also, I think that the tertiary industry will still remain the top industry, with over 78% of the workforce.

Liveable Communities

Canadian city's face some problems. One of the bigger problems are rural/urban land use. Such as urban sprawl. Urban sprawl is the spread of urban areas in a rural area. The issues involve transportation cost, farmland use, health cost, and infrastructure needs. In an area where urban sprawl has taking built, builders make low density homes taking up a lot of room. The homes are located far from the city centers and daily essential stores. By making everything farther away it waste a lot of gas and causes more co2 emissions. This causes air pollution and waste time driving. As the population increase more land is needed and the land taken up for the construction of new homes will take out farmland. Urban sprawl is linked to depression, obesity, and heart dieses. Because these houses are made far from common resources it is harder to obtain energy, water, and maintain roads. Not all rural areas will be built on, the green belt protects land near urban areas to protect it from pollution and save the area.

Predictions

Canada by 2035 will probably still be growing or reaching final expansion for the suburbs. Canada will have to start building up, by building apartments and high rises. By doing so Canada will be able to hold the growing population. This will also improve transportation, farmland use, health, and infrastructure cost. The apartments and high rises should be made near work letting the person just to walk to work. Making the person heather and resulting in lower co2 rates and less gas wastage. Farmland will not be used as fast as it is now. Building up saves much more space and with underground parking it saves a lot of space .

Conclusion

Overall, these are the current and future trends of Canada. There are still problems in Canada's current and future state. But, most of these problems are resolvable. I believe because of our current and future trend's Canada will be the best place to live in 2035.