Major Bone Repair with Stem Cells

By Joseph Pollio and Anthony Simonelli

What are Stem Cells? How are Stem Cells Obtained?

Stem cells are simply cells that are able to change itself into a cell with a more specified function. For instance, if someone is suffering from a major burn, stem cells may be used in order to produce healthier tissue. Stem cells are received by embryos that are three to five days old. One may receive these stem cells by getting a stem cell transplant, or bone marrow transplant, in which the healthy stem cells replace the affected bone marrow.
What are stem cells? How can they be used for medical benefit?

How Are Stem Cells Being Used Currently? How Does It Affect Organisms?

Stem cells are currently being used to replace diseased, or injured cells. These stem cells are also being used to test the toxicity of drugs and medicines, which limits the numbers of human and animal testers. This affects humans and animals, not by just replenishing their cells, but by also limiting their need for them to to test the toxicity of a drug or medicine.

What Are the Potential Benefits and Disadvantages of Using Stem Cells?

An obvious benefit of using stem cells is replenishing the non-functional cells in an organism. Since these stem cells could revive an organisms cells and tissue, it could potentially extend the lives of human beings. These stem cells may also allow scientists to do continuous research on drugs and medicine without the use of humans or animals to test them. Although stem cells have their positives, just like anything they have their problems. The research on stem cells is still in process, therefore it it not completely known what could occur from using stem cells after a long period of time. The may make a humans arteries narrower, including the potential risk of it creating new diseases and/or affect the way the body works.

Affect of Stem Cells on an Economic, Environmental, and Social Aspect? How May it Affect our Future?

Although stem cells may be extremely expensive to a patient, it is worth their lives and will, according to advocates, save America billions of dollars over time, having an economical benefit. Stem cells also benefit our environment, as it will eventually save the lives as many as save researches time, money, and even resources. Unfortunately, it may have a negative impact on the social aspect. Stem cells may result in a debate of whether or not it is the right thing to do to take from human embryos. They may argue that there is a better cure out there, and that there is no need for stem cells. In the future, hopefully stem cells research will be complete, and the life of organisms will be prolonged, with the revival of peoples cells and tissues, and the end to multiple diseases.