My health assignment
Why athletes use DRUGS
Who does them ?
The idea behind steroids
steroids are muscle building but fast energy wasters most athletes use them thinking that it will boost every thing when it does not
a professional cyclist caught using drugs along with steroids
The man behind the whole steroids issue the first to actually use them.
The idea behind steroids
776 BC - 393 BC - Ancient Greeks Use Performance Enhancing Drugs
Depiction of athletes competing at the ancient Olympic Games.
Source: www.britishcouncil.org (accessed June 30, 2009)
Larry D. Bowers, PhD "Athletic Drug Testing," Clinics in Sports Medicine, Apr. 1, 1998
"The ancient Olympic champions were professionals who competed for huge cash prizes as well as olive wreaths... Most forms of what we would call cheating were perfectly acceptable to them, save for game-fixing. There is evidence that they gorged themselves on meat -- not a normal dietary staple of the Greeks -- and experimented with herbal medications in an effort to enhance their performances...The ancient Greek athletes also drank wine potions, used hallucinogens and ate animal hearts or testicles in search of potency."
What was the punishment for using PEDs?
Changes are coming, and they won’t be good for athletes fixed on cheating their way to the top of the medal podium.
At its November congress in Johannesburg, South Africa, the World Anti-Doping Agency will update its call for athletes to carry steroid passports, similar to the biological passports already used in sports such as cycling, athletics and cross-country skiing.
The bio passports record blood readings that can be used to determine if an athlete is doping; the steroid passport would record an athlete’s testosterone levels. WADA wants steroid passports implemented in as many sports as possible by the end of December.
On top of that, WADA is set to introduce harsher penalties for first-time cheats effective January of 2015. In Canada, for example, an athlete caught using an illegal substance for the first time could receive a two-year ban. A second offence would result in a life-time suspension. Under WADA’s new rules, it’s four years for a first offence, life for a second.
Paul Melia, the chief executive officer of the Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sports, will be at the WADA congress and approves of the tougher sanctions.
“It sends a strong message. As the Lance Armstrong situation showed [in cycling], a very sophisticated doping program can take place and go undetected,” Melia said. “Right now, athletes are thinking, ‘Even if I do get caught it’s only two years. I’ll do it.’ If an athlete thinks the possibility of being caught is low then the need for a severe penalty goes up.”
who was the first athlete caught?
what testing was used ?
are all country's the same?
what prevention programs are there?
"This is the first prevention study that has focused on the abuse of anablic steroids," said Dr. Alan I. Leshner, Director of NIDA. "The results are promising, with the potential to have a long-term impact of health of young people and on their use of drugs such as steroids."
The ATLAS program includes seven 50-minute classes led by coaches and student team leaders. These sessions focus on the effects of steroids, sports nutrition, and strength training alternatives to steroids use. Students also participate in drug refusal role playing and learn about anti-steroids media messages. In addition to the classes there are seven weight room sessions taught by Oregon Health Sciences University research staff. Information is also distributed to parents, and they were invited to a discussion session.
"ATLAS is a very unique approach to dealing with the problem of steroid use among athletes. It involves a team-approach that empowers student athletes to make the right choices through education. And we now know it works," comments Dr. Goldberg.
The randomized, prospective study involved 1,506 football players/students from 31 different high schools. This year-long study was the first study to use coaches as members of the drug prevention team. Students filled out confidential questionnaires immediately before and after participating in the ATLAS program and then again approximately 12 months later to measure the effectiveness of the program.
What are the long term effects?
In the short term, hormones or steroids can strengthen muscles, bones and tendons. Dr. Robert Truax, who practices family and sports medicine at University Hospitals Case Medical Center in Cleveland, says the drugs allow athletes to train harder and longer, with fewer injuries.
PEDs come in various forms, including pills, injections or creams. Athletes often use the drugs for short periods, then stop days or weeks before they get tested, to allow the drugs to leave their system. “You can cycle it so you have moments of medicine in you, do aggressive training and the medicine helps enhance that training,” Truax said. “Then they get off of it, and hopefully their training without the medicine is a little bit better.”
In the long term, PEDs can cause impotence, worsening acne, balding and “steroid rage.” PEDs can also stunt growth in adolescents, the article notes. More serious effects include heart and liver damage, and an increased risk of blood clots.
“The heart is a muscle…and the heart isn’t designed to have that much testosterone stimulating it,” Truax said. “So it will grow abnormally. Then, the testosterone gets broken down by the liver so too much of it can accumulate in the liver and damage it.”
In January, MLB and its players union announced they reached an agreement to conduct in-season blood testing of players for human growth hormone. Players also will be tested for synthetic testosterone, which is increasingly popular because it washes out of the body fairly quickly after being used.
Can athletes get away with using them?
Eight of the most explosively gifted sprinters in the world are settling into their blocks on the start line of the 100m final at a major championship. The tension is almost unbearable; the rewards for success are huge.
To the spectators in the stadium and millions of fans watching on TV around the world, it is a spectacle without equal in sport.
But what very few of them will even suspect is that it is statistically likely that at least one of those runners will have a genetic make-up allowing him to take performance-enhancing steroids for his entire career — and never fail a drug test.
Science fiction? Far from it.
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sport/othersports/article-2401478/How-world-class-athletes-drugs--away-it.html#ixzz30wpDP7cV
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