The island lies in the belt of the northeast trade winds. These winds bring heavy rains to the mountains and northern coast. Especially in summer, sudden, brief showers are common. The southern coastal plain is dry. There, the high mountains block rain clouds.
Like other islands in the Caribbean , Puerto Rico is subject to hurricanes during the late summer and early fall.These destructive storms can occasionally cause great damage to crops and buildings.In 1928 the San Felipe hurricane destroyed most of the island's coffee plantations and citrus groves.Another violent storm, Hurricane Georges , did serious damage in 1998.Hurricane Irene, in 2011 , was also very destructive, especially to agriculture.