Anti-semitism and Kristallnacht
What was kristallnacht, what happen during the event and what was the results
Focussing on how racist attitudes contributed to Kristallnacht.
New racial outlook defines the Germans as the finest and most superior race; the Aryans. They were tall, blond hair and blue eyes and one day their would take their 'rightful' dominance and leadership of the land. Individuals Jews was not judged based on their personal achievements or merits, but rather seen on the whole as greedy, devilish, standoffish, lazy and money grubbing. In 1930s, with Adolf Hitler's accession to power in Germany, racial anti-semitism become a political instrument in the hands of the mass media. Nazi Germany was extremly racist towards the Jews and this hatred was reflected in the treatments of Jewish people whether it is the children in schools, in the workforces or in public lifestyles.The hostility towards the Jews dramatically increased during the Nazi fascism, in some parts of the country Jews were banned from public parks, swimming pools and public transports.This is all because of the fact that the Germans viewed the Jews as subhuman beings that was a pest to the greater good of society and must get rid of them in order to have a successful and a high quality of life. The Nazis, as a political power, racist attitude towards the Jews was the main sphere of influence that doctrinated the people of Germany's perspective of the Jews in a negative light and the ideology reflected in the actions that is taken against the Jews. Since Hitler rise to power in 1933, racist attitude towards the Jews increased perilously and as the tension builds up between the Germans and the Jews raises to an unbearable point, it can be said that Kristallnacht was the result.
The Nuremberg Laws
The law stripped the Jew's right of citizenship, the Jews had no vote and can not hold any public office businesses such as shops, schools, hospitals and most importantly the media. It was illegal for Jews to inherit lands, there was forced segregation and strong government propaganda against the jews. There was prohibited marriage between the Jews and the citizen of German blood, sexual relations outside marriage between the Jews and the Germans was certainly forbidden during the period of the Nazi's reign. The Jews was also not allow to display the national flag or the national colours for they were only privileged to the Aryans.
At the beginning the Law causes some confusion and heated debates on who was a 'full Jew', the Nazi settle on defining a full Jew as a person who had three Jewish grandparents. The Nuremberg Law divided the society of Germany into two major groups; the Jews and the Germans. After the passing of the Nuremberg Laws Jewish emigrate increases greatly; the pressure on Jews to leave Germany was intensified. A huge number of Jewish population might leave the country but the rest that stay will face an event that will shook the very foundation of the Jewish community as a whole: Kristallnacht. The Nuremberg Laws were only the beginning to the Nazi policy of Anti-Semitism and it also constructed the way to the Holocaust.
Targets for the Nazis Racism
Jews were the main target in Nazi Germany society and Hitler's hatred for the Jews were made plain from the very beginning of his reign. The Jews were blamed for what happened in Germany during the time whether it is about the great loss of WW1 for the Germans, the weak economic system maintenance, the general poor quality of life at that period of time and many other misfortunes that befalls Germany. These were some examples of the first step taken in the ideology of anti-semitism.
One major consequence of anti-semitism during Nazi Germany was the establishment of the ghettos in specific confined area of cities of Poland. On September 21 1939, Reinhard Heydrich, a high-ranking German Nazi official issued an order that Jews were to be concentrated in areas with in the city. This was a short term measure to contain and controlled the Jews. The Nazi created over a 1000 ghettos all over Poland in a 4 years period of time, classifying them into three types; opened, closed and destruction. This development in Nazi Germany impacted in the Jewish greatly as the conditions in the ghettos were extremely harsh and the treatment unbearable yet the Jewish had to suffered it for a have long time. This is one of the many atrocious examples of the results of anti-semitism.
Source A shows an ugly Jewish man walking with a beautiful innocent German girl. This portayed the Jewish man in a negative light as the image expresses how the Jewish man is taking the German girl away from her family and friends. The features of the Jewish man is being shown vividly with big nose, lips and body; overall creating an amor of devious power from the man. This capture scene is a biased perspective of the Jews because it only convey a one sided view of the Jewish man in an ill manner. This source clearly illustrate the racism that was targeted at the Jews due to their ethic backgrounds, features and culture during Nazi Germany.
This image is showing that a nazi is reading the mein kampf by Hitler. This symbolise that the whole of Germany is reading this book and it has a massive influence over them about the ideology of anti-semitism. The mein kampf used by Hitler as a tool to doctrinated the people of Germany in giving them a biased perspective of the Jews.
This source expresses the physical appearance of Jewish by alienating the Jews from the Germans, the superior race. It is set in an environment of school where children are the targets of the Jews because the teacher is a Jewish. This source generalise the Jewish as a pest to society of the Germans, they are the threat to the existence of the Aryans race. This source is a definite prejudice as it only informed others in a negative way about the jews without knowing them intimately, only cold reading them.
Anderson, M., Keese, I., Low, A., Harvey, K., Hoepper, B., Stahl, S. and Rood, B. (n.d.). Retroactive 2 NSW Australian curriculum history stage 5.
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