Bataan Death March
April 9, 1942The Bataan death march was the forcible transfer of around 60,000 to 80,000 Filipino and American prisoners of war by the imperial Japanese army. The 60 mile March featured many atrocities committed by the Japanese including beatings, refusal to offer food and murder of those to weak to move on. The POWs received little to no food or water along the March. Disease spread rapidly amongst the prisoners as death tolls rose to 20,000 Filipino POWs and 1,600 American POWs.
American, British, and Canadian forces aligned and developed an elaborate plan to deceive the Germans. General Dwight Eisenhower was the appointed commander of the whole operation. The allies used fake equipment, phantom armies, and double agents to mislead Nazi Germany into believing there would be attacks in locations other than the actual target, Normandy-France.
Despite the plan being delayed 24 hours due to inclement weather, the operation went without a hitch. All troops were dispatched towards the Normandy-France country side. Thousands of paratroopers and glider troops were already behind enemy lines by dawn. Although Hitler was aware of the invasion, he was hesitant to send troops because he believed it to be a diversion from an attack on the Seine River.
The allied forces reached the Seine and liberated Paris, while the Germans left NW France.
The Japanese planned a sneak attack on the U.S. forces, however, the American forces were able to discover their plans through intercepting Japanese transmissions and breaking their codes. Because the Americans had the foresight and Intel, they were able to turn the tides against the Japanese. Admiral Yamamato, the same leader of the attack on Pearl Harbour, led the Japanese; while the U.S. was led by Admiral Nimitz and Commander Fletcher.
While Japan launched a multitude of fighter planes to Midway, the U.S. was already closing in on the Japanese with their aircraft carriers. The U.S. used the torpedo plane attack and dive bombers during the battle. The Yorktown ship carrier was sacrificed as it brought down Japan's last carrier, the Hiryu.
The mass damage done to the supplies had devastated Japan and put a major setback in their military advancement. Battle of Midway was an impressive victory for the allies.
Battle of the Bulge
The allies had pushed Germany back across Europe and the German leadership knew that defeat was not far off so in the winter they decided to launch a major counter offensive. Planned by Eric Von Manstien this attack had initial success cuting into Belgium. The fighting mainly took place in the woods between the German Belgium border. This was grinder to a halt by the allies and they were driven back. This was the last chance the Germans had to turn the tide
Battle of Coral Sea
North African Front
This front started when british forces attacked Italian forces in Egypt and pushed them back. Germany assembled an army and launched a counterattack led by Erwin Rommel and drove the British across the breath of Africa. This maintained untile the U.S. forces led by General Patton landed and defeated the German forces driving them out of Africa and making way for the invasion of Sicily and the rest of Italy. The fighting was in the desserts led by tanks which was the key to this front.
Aug. 23, 1942 - Feb. 2, 1943The Germany broke its neutrality with Russia and invaded the country. The hope was to crush them quickly. The Hitlers army marched with little resistance untille they reached Stalingrad. The city had built up defenses in preparation. The battle was intence with the Germans capuring the city inch by inch. Just when the Germans had captured most of the city driving the Russians into the river a massive Russian army came and surrounded the city. Cut off from supplie lines they tried to airlift supplies to there forces. The battered Germans eventually surrendered. The fighting took place in the ruble of the bombed out city
United States World War II: Propoganda
Navajo Code Talkers
Navajo Code Talkers
Dwight D. Eisenhower
He was the supreme allied commander during WWII and was the highest ranking military officer of the allied forces. He commanded the entire allied war effort, including planning the invasion into North Africa and the landings at D-Day. Following the end of the war, he ran for president. He's considered as one of the finest military leaders of the era and was a major cause for the successful victory of the war.
He was the German General in charge of the Africa corps and charged witht the defense of North Africa. He was one of the highest ranking officers in the German high command. He was a tactical genius in military affairs. He beat back the British force and almost caused the complete failure of the allies efforts in Africa hard it not been for the U.S. forces led by General Patton. Although he was eventually defeated, he made a resounding impact on the war that would be disingenuous to forget.
He was the British prime minister during WWII. He led a fierce resistance against Germany. He helped the a united Kingdom endure brutal attacks from German bombers. In addition, his policies helped shape the war. Not only did he help and contribute to the allied victory of WWII with his diction about tactics of war, but he inspired many people to continue fighting. In his speech, he says "we shall never surrender."