WW2

1939-1945

Battles

Bataan Death March

April 9, 1942

The Bataan death march was the forcible transfer of around 60,000 to 80,000 Filipino and American prisoners of war by the imperial Japanese army. The 60 mile March featured many atrocities committed by the Japanese including beatings, refusal to offer food and murder of those to weak to move on. The POWs received little to no food or water along the March. Disease spread rapidly amongst the prisoners as death tolls rose to 20,000 Filipino POWs and 1,600 American POWs.

D-Day

June 6, 1944

American, British, and Canadian forces aligned and developed an elaborate plan to deceive the Germans. General Dwight Eisenhower was the appointed commander of the whole operation. The allies used fake equipment, phantom armies, and double agents to mislead Nazi Germany into believing there would be attacks in locations other than the actual target, Normandy-France.

The Battle

Despite the plan being delayed 24 hours due to inclement weather, the operation went without a hitch. All troops were dispatched towards the Normandy-France country side. Thousands of paratroopers and glider troops were already behind enemy lines by dawn. Although Hitler was aware of the invasion, he was hesitant to send troops because he believed it to be a diversion from an attack on the Seine River.

The Result

The allied forces reached the Seine and liberated Paris, while the Germans left NW France.

Midway

June 4-7, 1942

The Japanese planned a sneak attack on the U.S. forces, however, the American forces were able to discover their plans through intercepting Japanese transmissions and breaking their codes. Because the Americans had the foresight and Intel, they were able to turn the tides against the Japanese. Admiral Yamamato, the same leader of the attack on Pearl Harbour, led the Japanese; while the U.S. was led by Admiral Nimitz and Commander Fletcher.

The Battle

While Japan launched a multitude of fighter planes to Midway, the U.S. was already closing in on the Japanese with their aircraft carriers. The U.S. used the torpedo plane attack and dive bombers during the battle. The Yorktown ship carrier was sacrificed as it brought down Japan's last carrier, the Hiryu.

The Result

The mass damage done to the supplies had devastated Japan and put a major setback in their military advancement. Battle of Midway was an impressive victory for the allies.

Pearl Harbor

In the early morning of December 7, 1941 the United States was finally given a reason to join the allied forces in World War Two. By claiming neutrality, the U.S. would not have thought they would be attacked, but Japan were land hungry, especially for small islands in the pacific. Under orders of Vice-Admiral Chuichi Nagumo, about 360 Japanese planes attacked the Harbor. America sustained a loss of 170 aircrafts and 18 ships, while suffering the loss of 3,700 human lives. The day after FDR and Congress declared war on Japan. After two years into the conflict, the U.S. was finally in the fight against the axis powers.

Battle of the Bulge

December 16 1944 - January 25 1945

The allies had pushed Germany back across Europe and the German leadership knew that defeat was not far off so in the winter they decided to launch a major counter offensive. Planned by Eric Von Manstien this attack had initial success cuting into Belgium. The fighting mainly took place in the woods between the German Belgium border. This was grinder to a halt by the allies and they were driven back. This was the last chance the Germans had to turn the tide

Battle of Coral Sea

A major naval battle fought during May 4-8 1942, between the Japanese navy and the American and Australian naval and air forces. It started as a result of the Japanese's successful capture of Tulagi in New Guinea. Although a tactical victory for Japan in numbers of ships sunk, the Allies were successful in checking the Japanese advancements for the first time in the war.

Italian Campaign

The Italian Campaign, form July 10, 1943, to May 2, 1945, was a series of Allied beach landings and land battles from Sicily and southern Italy to the north near Nazi Germany. This was the final push to defeat the axis powers, and it eventually worked. The campaign included battles in places such as Anzio, Salerno, and Monte Cassino. The advances through Italy would prove to be some of the most bitters, costly fighting of the war, much of it being in treacherous mountain terrain. Allied forces ripped through the German-Italian defense and threatened the southern flan of Germany.

North African Front

June 10 1940 - may 13 1943

This front started when british forces attacked Italian forces in Egypt and pushed them back. Germany assembled an army and launched a counterattack led by Erwin Rommel and drove the British across the breath of Africa. This maintained untile the U.S. forces led by General Patton landed and defeated the German forces driving them out of Africa and making way for the invasion of Sicily and the rest of Italy. The fighting was in the desserts led by tanks which was the key to this front.

Stalingrad

Aug. 23, 1942 - Feb. 2, 1943

The Germany broke its neutrality with Russia and invaded the country. The hope was to crush them quickly. The Hitlers army marched with little resistance untille they reached Stalingrad. The city had built up defenses in preparation. The battle was intence with the Germans capuring the city inch by inch. Just when the Germans had captured most of the city driving the Russians into the river a massive Russian army came and surrounded the city. Cut off from supplie lines they tried to airlift supplies to there forces. The battered Germans eventually surrendered. The fighting took place in the ruble of the bombed out city

Something extra

On June 4, 1942, Japan Led a small attack on the Aleutians islands in Alaska. This was most likely an attempt to lure part of the American Navy away from the impending battle of Midway. Japanese pilot Koga took crippling fire from ground fire and crashed landed on the island of Akutan. He was killed in the impact, but his plane was only lightly damaged. On July 10, the crash was recovered by the Americans and the zero was salvaged. From there, the Americans were able to research the zero for faults and potential ways to beat the Japanese zeros In a dogfight. This discovery greatly helped to end Japan's air superiority.

United States World War II: Propoganda

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Navajo Code Talkers

Navajo Code Talkers

Communication is essential in time of war, it's quite obvious. Everyone should be in sync with each other in order to become victorious. If the enemy were to hear our orders, we could suffer immensely. Codes would be used to communicate, but these codes could be broken or translated. Philip Johnston however thought outside of the box and found a code that couldn't be broken. A code based on the Navajo language. Although in the past Native Americans had not been treated week by the government, they came to our aid in World War Two. 29 code talkers selected by recruiters joined the military to create the code. Once the code was created, the program proved successful and soon the U.S. marine corp had the ability to communicate and strategize through the language. Because they had the ability to communicate in a code understood only by the US forces, it was advantageous for the U.S. In the war
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Leaders

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General Patton

He was a graduate of West Point and rose thought the ranks in WWI. His aggressive tactics and military prowess made him a defining force in WWII. He led the U.S. force into North Africa and advanced where no one else could. He then led the U.S. forces into Italy. His reputation with the German leadership was so great he was put in charge of a fake invasion force to distract them form the D-Day operation. He later led the 3 army across Europe at speeds thought impossible. He died in a car crash in allied occupied Germany right after the end of the war.

Dropping the Bomb

The results of the dropping of the bomb had an everlasting impact. In the short term, the bombing directly lead to an allied victory of WWII; however it's long term effects remain engraved in our history. Although the attack was successful, it was brutal and affected masses of Japanese civilians. Because of the many that suffered from the effects of the bombing, it had caused a major strain and resentment towards US Americans. In addition, many victims suffer from physical deformation even up til today because of the radiation from the bombings that took place many decades ago.

Homefront

Rations were used to limit and supply soldier during the WWII era. American families were restricted for food. In example, they used coupon book rationing. The families were issued a book for each month to spend on food. They were allowed to use them as they liked; however if they used up all their coupons for the month, they'd have to wait for the next month to receive their next coupons book. Because of the limitations on foods, families began planting their own gardens for food. At home, people drastically cut down on their meat intake. Women were also taking part in a lot of jobs for the family. Rosie the riveter was an made up iconic character to encourage women to take up male jobs to fill up the shortage of labor workers during WWII.