ALBINISM

Common Name: Hypopigmentation and Achromasia

  • Albinism is caused by gene mutations.
  • This mutation occurs on the X chromosome.
  • There are prenatal tests that can be used to identify Albinism.
  • The symptoms of this genetic disorder are light skin, eyes, and hair, having parts of skin that are lighter colors, and the lack of pigment in skin color.

  • This genetic disorder can affect all races.
  • One in 17,000 people have Albinism.
  • Anyone who's parents carry the genes for Albinism can be a candidate for the disorder.
  • It is a sex-linked and recessive disease.
  • An Albino child will not need severe medical assistance.
  • People who are affected by this should limit their time in the sun because their skin will be sensitive to it.

  • Most types of Albinism do not determine the length of a child's life.
  • No cures or treatments exist for Albinism.
  • However, it is a good idea for people who have this disorder to wear sunglasses and lots of clothing when they are going to be in the sun.
  • This disorder is not one that can be prevented.

  • Albino people can have children. The disease does not prevent them from this.
  • The gene for Albinism is passed down through generations.
  • Albinism is not a clinical diagnosis. Doctors are currently trying to figure out more about what causes this.
  • There is not a new treatment coming for this disorder because it cannot be cured.
  • The different forms of albinism include: Griscelli Syndrome, Chediak- Higashi Syndrome, Hermansky- Pudlack Syndrome, Ocular Albinism, and Oculocutaneous Albinism.
  • Albinism can cause skin disorders as well as major emotional problems.