Animal Farm

By: Olivia Barrilleaux

Novel Genres

Allegory

Story where the characters or events stand for something else

Animal Fable

Story which animals talk and act like humans

Satire

Uses humor to make fun of serious things

Chapter Summaries

Chapter 1

Mr. Jones is a human that owns a farm called Manor Farm. The animals on this farm all look up to one pig named Old Major. Old Major tells the animals that his time is running out, and he realized humans were keeping them under bondage. He knows a rebellion will have to occur. He then teaches the animals their rebellion anthem, Beast of England.

Chapter 2

After a few days, Old Major passes away. Two pigs, Napoleon and snowball, decide to take over and lead the animals into rebellion. The pigs were inspired by Major's ideas and created a system called Animalism. After the animals won the rebellion, Manor farm was changed to Animal farm.
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Chapter 3

Through time the farm is joyful and everyone is working together. During one of the meetings, Snowball realizes not all animals can read. He decides to simplify the commandments to "four legs good, two legs bad." But somehow all of the milk and apples were disappearing. The pigs were eating and drinking them.

Chapter 4

The rebellion of Animal farm begins to spread from ear to ear. Now animals are singing Beast of England. Some neighbors, Mr. Pilkington and Mr. Frederic, attempt to retake Animal farm. Snowball lead the animals to victory once again, naming this battle "The Battle of Cowshed."

Chapter 5

Snowball and Napoleon begin to argue about a windmill. Snowball wants to build a windmill of the farm, but Napoleon disagrees. He decides to call 9 dogs to attack Snowball, chasing him off the farm. Later Napoleon decides to build the windmill and Squealer, another pig, states that it was Napoleons idea the whole time.

Chapter 6

More work has been put onto the animals because of the windmill. Napoleon declares that they will now be trading with humans to get supplies. One of the commandments changed to no animal shall sleep on a bed "with sheets." That night the windmill was torn down, and Napoleon blames it on Snowball.

Chapter 7

Napoleon believes that Snowball is causing mischief on the farm during the night. He declares a meeting to investigate the farm. The animals sing Beast of England, but then Napoleon told them that the song was banned

Chapter 8

Another commandment about killing other animals has changed to no animal shall kill any other animal "without cause." Napoleon decides to sell timber to Mr. Frederick, only to be tricked. He set out an army of men to destroy their windmill. Squealer says that this event is a victory to the animals, and decided to celebrate with a bottle of whiskey. Another commandment has changed to no animal shall drink alcohol "to excess."

Chapter 9

During the winter, Boxer becomes ill. Napoleon says that he is going to send Boxer to a hospital, but when the truck arrives its says the it belongs to a horse slaughterer. Napoleon lies and says that the truck is borrowed and just didn't change the name yet.

Chapter 10

Somehow, the commandment has changed to four legs good, two legs better. The pigs started acting human like, reading newspapers, wearing clothing, and more. There was a meeting between the animals and the neighboring farms. Napoleon stated that Animal farm will be changed back to Manor farm.
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Characters

Snowball

A young boar who helps Old Major's ideas turn into commandments.

He resembles Leon Trotsky.

Napoleon

A large Berkshire boar, becomes leader of the animals.

He resembles Napoleon.

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Old Major

A prize middle white boar, teaches the animals "Beast of England."

Resembles Karl Marx

Mollie

A vain white mare, flees the farm to work for humans.

She represents those whose lust for material things blinds them to the importance of freedom

Benjamin

An old donkey who is a pessimist.

Represents the cynical intellectual who refuses to get involved in politics

Boxer

One of the two-cart horses, he is strong and hard working.

Represents the common working class who unwittingly accept their base existence

Clover

She is a stout motherly mare and the other horse of the two-cart horses.

Also represents the common working class like Boxer.

Moses

A tame raven who belongs to Mr. Jones, makes the animals happy by preaching.

Represents organized religion.

Squealer

He is a small fat pig, the propaganda chief for the pigs.

Represents the Soviet party newspaper

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Muriel

A white goat that can read better than most animals

Doesn't represent anything important.

Mr. Jones

The human owner of Manor farm, He gets chased of the farm by the animals.

Represents Nicholas II

Mr. Fredrick

He is a neighbor of Mr. Jones and has a farm called Pinchfield.

He represents Adolf Hitler

Mr. Pilkington

He is a neighbor of Jones and owns a farm called Foxwood.

Represents England.

Mr. Whymper

He is a neighbor that trades with the animals.

Represents an intermediary between warring countries who is only too happy to do what is expedient

Sheep

They are taught to bleat the two legs bad four legs good slogan for hours.

Represent society who blindly repeat party slogans without knowing what they are saying

Dogs

9 dogs who are raised by Napoleon.

They represent the secret police.

Ducklings

Ducklings who lost their mother.

They represent "the farmers of the sea."

Motifs

Songs

Beast of England

Animal Farm!

Comrade Napoleon

Beast of England: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OYQvYzuml38

Rituals

After the battle of cowshed the animals hold a ceremony to honor the military heroes. They also shoot guns in the air.

Themes

The Corruption of Socialist Ideals in the Soviet Union

Examples of the theme can be seen throughout Animal Farm. Once Napoleon takes over as the leader of the farm, his reign becomes corrupted.

The Societal Tendency toward Class Stratification

Animal farm was formed under the commandment that “all animals are equal." Shortly after the animals take control of the farm, division between them takes place. The pigs consider themselves special while the other animals are laborers.
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The Danger of a Naïve Working Class

The pigs often took advantage of this. For example, when the fourth commandment was changed to "No animal shall sleep on a bed" to "no animal shall sleep on a bed with sheets."

The Abuse of Language as Instrumental to the Abuse of Power

Squealer and the other pigs use their advantages to read and change the commandments. Since the other animals have poor or no reading ability, this makes the pigs abuse their power to change the commandments.