Keyz and Co. Law Firm Brochure

By: Keyshawn Brown

1st Step in a Civil Case

The plaintiff (Person doing the suing) decides to sue the defendant (Person being sued).

2nd Step in a Civil Case

The Plaintiff will hire an attorney who will then file a complaint which is a formal statement that names the parties and describes the nature of the lawsuit.

3rd Step in a Civil Case

Court summons the defendant ordering them to appear on a certain date. The Defendant will give a response to charges either admitting that he/she is guilty or explaining why their not responsible. Your Complaint and the Defendants response are called pleadings.

4th Step in a Civil Case

A Pretrial Conference is called by the Judge so the two sides clarify the differences. If the suit is weak one could drop the suit. The two parties cold also decide to resolve the dispute through mediation where a third party facilitates discussion and helps two sides come to a consensus or an agreement. They could also decide to resolve the dispute through arbitration where the third party settles the dispute and the decision is legally binding.

5th step in a Civil Case

Case goes to a trial (Most cases are settled before they goo to trial).

6th step in a Civil Case (If case goes to trial)

Case is heard by either a jury of 6 to 12 people or a Judge. Plaintiffs presents their side of the story first then the Defendant presents their side. Both sides will summarize their cases then the Plaintiff must prove his/her case with "a preponderance of evidence"- or enough evidence to convince the judge or jury that the defendant is responsible for what he or she did to the Plaintiff.

7th Step in a Civil Case

The judge or jury decides the verdict, or the decision, in favor of one of the parties.


If the Defendant wins the plaintiff receives nothing and has to pay for the court costs. (The Plaintiff may appeal to a higher court if they're dissatisfied with the decision)


If the Plaintiff wins then a remedy is set- paying compensation, replacing lost earnings