Russia and the Western Republics

by Sergio Loma

historical events

1.The Russian In the ninth century, Vikings from Scandinavia ​​came to the region to established a settlement near what is now Kiev, a city near the ​​Dnieper River. In time, the Vikings adopted the customs of the local ​​Slavic population. Soon the settlement began to expand.​​

2.Expansion was halted in the 13th century ​​

with the arrival of invaders from Mongolia, ​​

called Tatars. 3.The ferocity of those Mongol war- ​​

riors is legendary. It is said that “like molten lava, ​​

they destroyed everything in their path. ” The ​​

Tatars sacked Kiev between 1237 and 1240.​​

government in the past and present

1.To move their society toward communism, Soviet leaders adopted a command economy

2. The government took control of the major sources of the state’s wealth, including land, mines, factories, banks, and transportation systems.

3.Government planners decided ​​what products factories would manufacture, what crops farms would grow, ​​and even what prices merchants would charge for their goods.​​

the economy

1.The Russian ​​Communist Party, led by V. I. Lenin, took control of the government. The ​​ Party also took charge of the region’s economy and gave Communist

2.The Communists had been inspired by the

work of Karl Marx, a German philosopher who had examined the his- tory of economic systems.

3.Communist system would ​​replace capitalism.

the culture

1.The region has a rich variety of ethnic groups because of the many peoples absorbed during the centuries of ​​ Russian expansion.

2 Russians make up the largest ethnic group there, with about 80 ​​

percent of the total. But nearly 70 other peoples live in Russia, including ​​ Finnish, Turkic, and Mongolian peoples.

3.the region is home to many other religions, including Buddhism and Islam. Judaism is also an

important religion in the region.