The Moon Landing Conspiracy

Savannah Luney


On July 16, 1969, Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins set off on a mission, to be the first humans to set foot on another world. On July 20, at 4:28 pm, the Eagle module lands on the surface of the moon, and Neil prepares himself on the ladder. With over 600 million people watching from a live transmission, he descends upon the foreign dust and proclaims, "That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for man kind," a quote that becomes famous throughout history. But did they really make it to the moon? Did man kind actually extend their knowledge on a mission of great exploration?
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The Moon Landing Conspiracy

A conspiracy is a secret plan by a group to do something unlawful or harmful, and examples include Area 51, a secret military base that studies aliens, and the theory that the US government was responsible for the attack on 9/11. Many people, who we call conspiracy theorists, believe that the moon landing was a hoax and that the numerous photos and videos of the landing that we have today were actually filmed secretly, either in Hollywood or deep within Area 51, using a fake movie set. Studies show that between 6 and 20 percent of Americans believe the moon landing was faked, and they have evidence to prove it.

Conspiracy Theorists

Conspiracy Theorists include Marcus Allen, William L. Brian – a nuclear engineer who self-published a book in 1982, Moongate: Suppressed Findings of the U.S. Space Program, Clyde Lewis, a radio talk show host, and Philippe Lheureux – French author of Lumières sur la Lune, also known as Moon Landings: Did NASA Lie? Alexander Ivanovich Popov – Russian author of the book The Americans on the Moon: the great breakthrough or cosmic scam?, Gerhard Wisnewski, German journalist and filmmaker, author of One Small Step?: The Great Moon Hoax and the Race to Dominate Earth from Space, and many more also believe there was no actual moon landing.

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The Waving Flag

The flag is seen “waving” when Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin planted it on the moon, though the moon’s atmosphere contains no air and therefore no wind. NASA claims that the flag moved as Armstrong and Aldrin were twisting it to stick it in the ground, but some photos show a distinct fold even after it was placed.

Gentle Landing: Missing Impact Crader

No impact crater is visible in any photograph of the moon landing. NASA says that it required less thrust in the low gravity than it did on earth meaning it would not have left a crater in the solid rock of the moon, but even the fine powder of the moon did not appear to be disrupted.

The Van Allen Radiation Belt

Apollo 11 was NASA's first attempt for humans to cross through the Van Allen Radiation Belt, which is a layer of energetically charged particles held perpetually in space due to earth’s magnetic field. In order to travel to the moon, the astronauts would have had to travel through the Van Allen Radiation Belt, which some conspiracy theorists say would have fried them like a turkey, despite the aluminum coatings inside and outside of the space craft. NASA claims that due to the short amount of time in the belt, they only received a small dose of radiation.

Mysterious Unidentified Object: Space Junk or Hollywood Spotlight?

In one photo from the landing, a mysterious object can be seen in the reflection off a space helmet that oddly resembles a movie spotlight, though the picture resolution is unclear. This evidence supports the theory that the landing was a faked film, shot in a movie studio with spotlights and effects.

Moon Walking

When the landing video is played at x2.5 speed, the astronauts seem to be walking normally in Earth’s gravity and some theorists believe that cables were used for long jumps

No Stars in Space?

There are, strangely, no stars present in any of the photos. NASA claims that the images are low quality, but the moon has no clouds to block the view, so stars should be brighter and more visible than they are on earth. This suggest it was faked and instead of having to plot the exact star locations, they simply left them out.

The Letter C

The letter C can be seen inscribed on a moon rock in one of the numerous landing photographs. Though NASA claims it was a joke put there by the photographic developer, theorists believe the letter was a prop identification symbol and that it was a miss arranged when they were filming the supposed "moon landing".

Multiple Light Sources

Not all shadows are parallel in some images, suggesting multiple light sources, as you would see if spotlights were used during filming.

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Interesting Facts

Though a lot of people believe in the moon landing conspiracy and that NASA is keeping secrets from them, officials say that the conspiracy would have to involve more than 400,000 people who worked on the Apollo project for nearly ten years, the 12 men who walked on the Moon, the six others who flew with them as Command Module pilots, and another six astronauts who orbited the Moon. Hundreds of thousands of people—including astronauts, scientists, engineers, technicians, and skilled laborers—would have had to keep the secret. Had the hoax been true, someone would have leaked it by now. What do you believe?