Fuel Cell-Powered Vehicles
Created By: Jannat Gill
How Does it Work?
Fuel cell electric vehicles use electricity to power a motor that is located close to the vehicle's wheels. They produce their primary electricity by using a fuel cell that is powered by hydrogen. The heart of a fuel cell-powered vehicle is the fuel cell stack. The fuel cell stack converts stored hydrogen gas with oxygen from the air into electricity. This powers the electric motor of the vehicle.
-Has the potential to lower emissions that contribute to climate change
-Emits no harmful tailpipe emissions
-Helps to reduce consumers' fuel cost
-Reduces our dependence on other countries for fuel
-It would increase U.S. energy security
-It would strengthen our economy
-Availability is limited to areas with hydrogen fueling stations, mostly in California
-Needs twice the amount of hydrogen to travel the same distance that it could travel with gasoline as its fuel
-Fuel cell systems are not yet as durable as internal combustion engines, especially in some temperature and humidity ranges
-Several challenges must be dealt with before FCVs will be a successful, competitive alternative for consumers
Some Models of FCVs
2002 Daimler Chrysler's Necar 5: It completed the first transcontinental journey of a fuel cell powered vehicle.
2005 Honda FCX Clarity: A fuel-cell car, certified for road driving by the federal government. It costs about $1 million. The prototype was about $3 million.
2017 Honda FCX Clarity: It will be released next year. It will drive better than ever, and the car makers will try to decrease the price significantly from before.