Spain

Plus Ultra (Más Allá)

Spanish National Anthem - "La Marcha Real" (ES/EN)

Culture

  • Modern standard Spanish, also referred to as Castilian, is spoken throughout Spain and is the official language.
  • Known as the Romance Language.
  • Most Spaniards are baptized, married, and buried as members of the Roman Catholic Church.
  • The Spanish, like many other Mediterranean peoples, are particularly fond of sidewalk cafés, where a cup of coffee, glass of wine, or meal can be enjoyed with friends as the “world” passes by.
  • Rice and pulses—dried beans, lentils, and chickpeas—cooked with fish, chicken, or pork are basics in Spanish cuisine.
  • Very few holidays in Spain are National, most holidays are determined and based on regional states within Spain
  • Musicians and composers have also carried Spain’s rich cultural heritage to international audiences.
  • Flamenco, a traditional form of music and dance, developed in Andalusia over many centuries, especially among the Roma (Gypsies).
  • In 2026 Spain will have built the largest basilica (church) built by famous Architect Antoni Gaudí, it will be called Basilica de La Sagrada Familia
  • Soccer is the most popular sport in Spain, most popular clubs are Real Madrid and FC Barcelona


What you need to write down:


  1. Language: Modern standard Spanish, also referred to as Castilian
  2. Religion: Roman Catholic
  3. Holidays: some national, but many regional
  4. Flamenco dancing, musicians and composers have helped carry Spanish culture throughout the world.
  5. World famous architecture including basilica's and castles.
  6. Most popular sport in Spain is soccer, (below you will find a highlight video of Spain's National Team.)
2026 We build tomorrow | Construïm el demà | Construimos el mañana
Flamenco Dance, Seville, Spain
Spain Football National Team - The Dream Team [HD]

Population

Population of Spain 2014 est. 46.77 million

Making Spain the 5th most populated country in Europe

Vegetation

  • Farmland in Central Spain
  • Heavily Forested in Northern Spain
  • Southern Spain is subtropical, causing vegetation to be able to last long periods of drought.

Government

  • From 1833 until 1939 Spain almost continually had a parliamentary system with a written constitution.
  • The legislature, known as the Cortes Generales, is composed of two chambers (cámaras): a lower chamber, the Congress of Deputies (Congreso de los Diputados), and an upper chamber, the Senate (Senado)
  • The executive consists of the prime minister, the deputy prime minister, and the members of the cabinet.
  • It is a constitutional monarchy (King and/or Queen have little to no power, only serves as a figure head of government).
  • All power is held by the legislature and the Prime Minister
Spain's King Felipe VI crowned

War/Invasion

Colonial Spain


World War I


  • Spain remained neutral throughout World War I between 28 July 1914 and 11 November 1918, but despite domestic economic difficulties, it was considered "one of the most important neutral countries in Europe by 1915"
  • The upper classes (the aristocracy and the rich bourgeoisie), the Catholic Church and the Spanish Army generally favoured the Central Powers, usually identified with Germany.
  • Pro-Allied sentiment, which was generally francophile, was most common among the middle and professional classes and intellectuals. It was common among Catalan nationalists,Republicans and Socialists.


World War II

  • The Spanish State under General Franco was officially non-belligerent during World War II.
  • This status was not recognized by international law but in practice amounted to neutrality.
  • In fact, Franco's regime did supply material and military support to the Axis Powers in recognition of the heavy assistance it had received in the Spanish Civil War.
  • However, despite an ideological sympathy, Franco refused to bring Spain into the war as a belligerent and stationed field armies in the Pyrenees to dissuade a German occupation of the Iberian Peninsula.
  • The Spanish policy frustrated German proposals that encouraged Franco to take British-controlled Gibraltar. The apparent contradictions in Franco's foreign policy can be explained by his pragmatism.

1-5 Spanish Colonization of the New World

European Union