Road to American Revolution

Why did we go to war?

The Sons Of Liberty

Samuel Adams started the Sons Of Liberty in Boston, Massachusetts on August 14,1765. The Sons Of Liberty was an underground organization made up of colonists, created to protest against the Stamp Act of 1765.

No Taxation Without Representation

In the 1750s Reverend Jonathan Mayhew coined the phrase "No Taxation Without Representation". It was made the slogan of the thirteen colonies.

Sugar Act Of 1764

The Sugar Act was passed by the British government in April, 1764. Before this, there was also a Molasses act that was passed in 1733. Which taxed a minimum of 6 pence* per jar of molasses. The sugar act was a later version of the Molasses act.

pence- plural form of penny

Stamp Act of 1765

Refers to the tax passed by the British Government on the colonies. The tax was paid with valid British currency. The taxes were used to protect the colonies from outsiders.

The Townshend Acts

The Townshend Acts were passed by the British Government in 1767. The Townshend Acts were named after Charles Townshend. The Townshend Act was made up of five laws, the Revenue Act,the Indemnity Act, the New York Restraining Act, the Commissioners of Customs Act, and the Vice Admiralty Court Act. Taxes on glass,paper,tea,oil,lead,paint.

The Boston Massacre

The Boston Massacre happened on March 5,1770. Colonists threw Snowballs at a group of British officers, who then open-fired, killing 5 and wounding 6.

The Tea Act

In 1773, the British Parliament stated that the East Indian Company would go directly to the American colonies instead of going to Britain first and then the colonies.

The Boston Tea Party

The Boston Tea Party occurred on December 16, 1773. About 100 men boarded a British Ship and drowned all the tea.

Intolerable Acts

The Intolerable acts of 1774 refers to the laws passed by the British Government. The main cause of the Intolerable Acts is the Boston tea party.

First Continental Congress

The First Continental Congress was a gathering of the colonies delegates in Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia on September 5,1774. The First Continental Congress considered boycotting the British Trade. They were unsuccessful in stopping the Intolerable Acts.

Paul Revere and William Dawes ride

On April 18, 1775, British troops headed towards Concord to capture Samuel Adams, John Hancock, and destroy militia stores in and around Concord.

Battle of Lexington and Concord “The Shot Heard around the World'

Lexington- On April 18, 1775, a band of 80 men stood guard under the leadership of Captain John Parker. After standing guard most of the night, word came that British troops were advancing. At sunrise on April 19, the British reached the Lexington.

Concord- A militia of 250 men, marched towards Lexington and came face-to-face with about 700 British troops. Since they were outnumbered, the militia returned to Concord. The militias abandoned Concord to the British and bided their time.

Important leaders of the America Revolution