Road to Revolution

Some things you should know, and more.

Introduction

Do you know about the things that led up to the war? Well by reading this article you will learn just a little bit more about that. First you will learn about Paul Revere and Lexington and Concord. Then we'll dive into John Adams, The Boston Massacre, The Boston Tea Party, and the Stamp Act. Finally we'll learn about Militia and the Minutemen, and The First Continental Congress.

Key People Involved

John Adams and Paul Revere were just 2 of the people involved in the things before the war. John Adams was a lawyer that defended British soldiers that were accused of murder during the Boston Massacre. Several of the colonists were angry with John for defending the British, even though John believed that everyone deserved a fair trial. A lot of colonists were so angry with John that they threatened to harm him. Even though John supported the colonists, he wanted to demonstrate his feelings about how everyone was subject to the rule of law.


Paul Revere was just an ordinary Boston silversmith. Until the night he became a messenger to deliver the news about the British troop movements. In order for Paul to make this journey he had to travel across the harbor of Boston to Charlestown. Then from Charlestown he would head to Lexington and Concord. Paul was riding with a second messenger named William Dawes, they set up a light system to warn the people about the British. One light meant that the British troops were taking the land route out of Boston, and two lights meant that the British troops were leaving Boston by water. Paul was a hero when it came to the battle at Lexington and Concord. Because of his warning, around 4,000 minutemen and Militia showed up, overwhelming the British, forcing them to retreat.

Key Events

The stamp Act and the Boston Tea Party were 2 key events. The Stamp Act was a way for the British to make more money in order to pay off their debt. The Stamp Act enforced that all legal and commercial documents had to carry an official stamp that would show that the tax had been paid. Different things like newspapers and diplomas had to carry this stamp as well. The Colonists thought this was unfair. Their first major complaint was that the British had no right to tax the colonies. Their second complaint was that no tax should be made without the colonies consent. The Stamp Act was the 3rd Act to be taxed. Before the Stamp Act was passed by Parliament, 2 other Acts were passed. The Quartering Act, and The Sugar Act. The Townshend Acts followed after the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act caused a lot of rebellion amongst the Colonists and the British. It was part of the reason The Boston Tea Party, and the Boston Massacre happened.


The Boston Tea Party was meant to be a protest against the Tea Act which was one of the 4 Acts that were taxed to the Colonists. During The Boston Tea Party Colonists would block off docks so that Tea ships couldn't dock. Other Colonists would take Tea and set it down on the docks to rot. 3 brave colonists at the time dressed up as Native Americans and boarded a Tea ship. They destroyed 342 chests of Tea. The Colonists grew very happy, making the British very angry. As a result the British began to punish the Culprits. This pushed many of the Colonists into rebellion. The Boston Tea Party came after the Boycotts, and The Boston Massacre. Both of these events were caused because of the Colonists anger towards the new taxes. The Boston Tea Party was just another protest.

Boston Tea Party

Key Conflict

The 2 Conflicts I'm going to focus on are The Boston Massacre, and Lexington and Concord. During the Boston Massacre a small crowd of Colonists gathered. These Colonists were very angry at the British for all of the unnecessary taxes that they were being forced to pay. The Colonists started to protest against the British, and in result 10 to 12 gunshots were fired. A man named Crispus Attucks was one of the people protesting that day. He was a slave that escaped bye sea, and died after the Boston Massacre due to being shot. The Tea Act, The Stamp Act, The Townshend Act, and the Intolerable act all happened before the Boston Massacre. All of these things influenced The Boston Massacre, because they all made the Colonists very angry with the British. Overall The Boston Massacre was a perfect example of how the tension between Colonies and Britain was starting to turn from tension to violence.


At Lexington and Concord, 2 battles took place. The first one at Lexington people were not prepared for. As a result only 70 men from the Militia were there to defend the colonists, against the 700 British troops that had entered Lexington. The British had ordered that all of the Militia should put there muskets down, but the Militia refused. What happened next is what everyone calls today "the shot heard 'round the world". Nobody knows who shot first, but after a little while it was known that 8 of the Militia were dead. This was including the captain of the men, known as Captain Parker. After the battle at Lexington, The British had to moved to Concord. While at Concord they destroyed a lot of military supplies. However little did the British know that Paul Revere had warned the people about there arrival. Because of this around 4,000 Minutemen/Militia came to Concord. There was a battle at the bridge, but in the end there were so many Militia that they overwhelmed The British, forcing them to retreat. This was the last event to happen on the timeline before the Revolutionary War started. The Colonists had finally won a victory over the British.

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Key Cooperation

Some of the key collaboration was the Militia/Minutemen, and The First Continental Congress. Militia/Minutemen were trained Civilians that were sworn to protect their community. Minutemen however were civilians were known to be able to act within a minutes warning. About one third of the entire Militia were Minutemen. Captain John Parker was the Captain of the Militia/Minutemen. The Militia/Minutemen were brought together because of cooperation. If they couldn't all cooperate, then they wouldn't be able to fight together, and the Colonists would be left without an army. The Militia/Minutemen had major affects on the British. At the battle of Lexington and Concord, they had won the battle on the bridge. Which gave the British something to worry about. The Militia could actually beat them, which made the British scared.


The First Continental Congress is another example of key cooperation. The First Continental Congress was a meeting that delegates from each of the colonies except Georgia came to attend. This meeting banned all trade with Britain, until the Intolerable Acts were gone. They also encouraged that all colonies trained civilians to be troops. This is an example of cooperation because all of the colonies had to come together and agree on certain laws that would help advance their future in positive ways. If the colonies didn't cooperate, then the laws wouldn't of been passed, allowing the British to keep treating the Colonists unfairly. All of the colonies cooperating like this worried the British. For one they could no longer make money from the colonists because of their new law, and secondly the colonies would be training people making it a little bit harder for the British to be all powerful. This majorly affected the British, because they now had no way to pay off their debt.

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Conclusion

So now if we combined all of this information, it would all bounce off of each other. The Stamp Act angered a lot of colonists, pushing some into rebellion. The rebellion soon turned into violence, which is how the Boston Massacre happened. John Adams was a lawyer at the time who was defending The British Solders that were accused of murder during the Boston Massacre. People were starting to get angrier and angrier. So the Colonists came up with The Boston Tea Party. Which was just another way for the Colonists to rebel. Soon The First Continental Congress was held, to establish some much needed laws. This angered the British so they decided to head to Lexington and Concord. Paul Revere heard about this news, and headed over to Lexington and Concord to warn the people. Eventually the Militia/Minutemen showed up and the British were forced to retreat. All of this information happens like a domino effect. It all builds off of each other. One thing shapes/forms/and molds the next.

Work Cited

Dallek, Robert, Jesus Garcia, Donna M. Ogle, and C. Frederick. Risinger.American History: Beginnings through Reconstruction. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 2008. Print.

(All information found in the American History Textbook.)