Road to Revolution
Some things you should know, and more.
Key People Involved
Paul Revere was just an ordinary Boston silversmith. Until the night he became a messenger to deliver the news about the British troop movements. In order for Paul to make this journey he had to travel across the harbor of Boston to Charlestown. Then from Charlestown he would head to Lexington and Concord. Paul was riding with a second messenger named William Dawes, they set up a light system to warn the people about the British. One light meant that the British troops were taking the land route out of Boston, and two lights meant that the British troops were leaving Boston by water. Paul was a hero when it came to the battle at Lexington and Concord. Because of his warning, around 4,000 minutemen and Militia showed up, overwhelming the British, forcing them to retreat.
The Boston Tea Party was meant to be a protest against the Tea Act which was one of the 4 Acts that were taxed to the Colonists. During The Boston Tea Party Colonists would block off docks so that Tea ships couldn't dock. Other Colonists would take Tea and set it down on the docks to rot. 3 brave colonists at the time dressed up as Native Americans and boarded a Tea ship. They destroyed 342 chests of Tea. The Colonists grew very happy, making the British very angry. As a result the British began to punish the Culprits. This pushed many of the Colonists into rebellion. The Boston Tea Party came after the Boycotts, and The Boston Massacre. Both of these events were caused because of the Colonists anger towards the new taxes. The Boston Tea Party was just another protest.
At Lexington and Concord, 2 battles took place. The first one at Lexington people were not prepared for. As a result only 70 men from the Militia were there to defend the colonists, against the 700 British troops that had entered Lexington. The British had ordered that all of the Militia should put there muskets down, but the Militia refused. What happened next is what everyone calls today "the shot heard 'round the world". Nobody knows who shot first, but after a little while it was known that 8 of the Militia were dead. This was including the captain of the men, known as Captain Parker. After the battle at Lexington, The British had to moved to Concord. While at Concord they destroyed a lot of military supplies. However little did the British know that Paul Revere had warned the people about there arrival. Because of this around 4,000 Minutemen/Militia came to Concord. There was a battle at the bridge, but in the end there were so many Militia that they overwhelmed The British, forcing them to retreat. This was the last event to happen on the timeline before the Revolutionary War started. The Colonists had finally won a victory over the British.
The First Continental Congress is another example of key cooperation. The First Continental Congress was a meeting that delegates from each of the colonies except Georgia came to attend. This meeting banned all trade with Britain, until the Intolerable Acts were gone. They also encouraged that all colonies trained civilians to be troops. This is an example of cooperation because all of the colonies had to come together and agree on certain laws that would help advance their future in positive ways. If the colonies didn't cooperate, then the laws wouldn't of been passed, allowing the British to keep treating the Colonists unfairly. All of the colonies cooperating like this worried the British. For one they could no longer make money from the colonists because of their new law, and secondly the colonies would be training people making it a little bit harder for the British to be all powerful. This majorly affected the British, because they now had no way to pay off their debt.
So now if we combined all of this information, it would all bounce off of each other. The Stamp Act angered a lot of colonists, pushing some into rebellion. The rebellion soon turned into violence, which is how the Boston Massacre happened. John Adams was a lawyer at the time who was defending The British Solders that were accused of murder during the Boston Massacre. People were starting to get angrier and angrier. So the Colonists came up with The Boston Tea Party. Which was just another way for the Colonists to rebel. Soon The First Continental Congress was held, to establish some much needed laws. This angered the British so they decided to head to Lexington and Concord. Paul Revere heard about this news, and headed over to Lexington and Concord to warn the people. Eventually the Militia/Minutemen showed up and the British were forced to retreat. All of this information happens like a domino effect. It all builds off of each other. One thing shapes/forms/and molds the next.
Dallek, Robert, Jesus Garcia, Donna M. Ogle, and C. Frederick. Risinger.American History: Beginnings through Reconstruction. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 2008. Print.
(All information found in the American History Textbook.)