By: Courtney Houy

What is Schizophrenia

a long-term mental disorder of a type involving a breakdown in the relation between thought, emotion, and behavior, leading to faulty perception, inappropriate actions and feelings, withdrawal from reality and personal relationships into fantasy and delusion, and a sense of mental fragmentation.

5 Main types of Schizophrenia

  1. Catatonic
  2. Paranoid
  3. Disorganized
  4. Undifferentiated
  5. Residual

Catatonic Schizophrenia

Catatonic schizophrenia includes episodes of behavior at extreme opposite ends of the spectrum. You may seem like you're in coma-like daze, unable to speak, move or respond, or you may talk and behave in a bizarre, hyperactive way. Catatonic episodes may last for a month or longer without treatmen

Paranoid Schizophrenia

Paranoid Schizophrenia consists of delusions and hearing things that aren't real. With paranoid schizophrenia, someone's ability to think and function in daily life may be better than with other types of schizophrenia. They may not have as many problems with memory, concentration or dulled emotions. Still, paranoid schizophrenia is a serious, lifelong condition that can lead to many complications, including suicidal behavior.

Disorganized Schizophrenia

Disorganized schizophrenia is marked by thoughts, speech and behavior that are inappropriate and don't make sense. Disorganized schizophrenia is considered a more severe type of schizophrenia because people with this condition may be unable to carry out routine daily activities, such as bathing and meal preparation. It may be hard to understand what people with disorganized schizophrenia are saying. Also, frustration and agitation may cause them to lash out. Disorganized schizophrenia is sometimes known as hebephrenic schizophrenia.

Undifferentiated Schizophrenia

Undifferentiated schizophrenia is very hard to diagnose because the symptoms can be different for each individual. It is usually caused by a progressive onset of negative symptoms of schizophrenia.

Residual Schizophrenia

Residual Schizophrenia is just like undifferentiated schizophrenia, it takes negative symptoms of schizophrenia. The symptoms can vary for each person as well.
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How Schizophrenia effects the brain

It alters brain chemistry and brain form to produce the different behavior in those afflicted with the problem. It appears that these alterations change the inherent I-function in each individual. Loss of important functions associated with this piece of the greater nervous system box is found in these people. It also prevents the brain from developing a particular schemata. Schemata are patterns within the brain that represent and control different functions. They are basically the same as central pattern generation. Social and cognitive areas particularly suffer loss. They often respond inappropriately to social situations.