Battles of World War II
The Bataan Death March
Japan had started invading the Philippines after the attack on Pearl Harbor. US and filipino troops retreated to the Bataan peninsula on the island of Luzon where they surrendered a few months later. Japanese forces marched the surrendered troops to San Fernando, where they were then sent off to prisoner of war camps. Many troops died from starvation and terrible treatment by the Japanese.
The Bataan Death March and Camps
The "Two-Pronged Attack" Strategy and Island Hoping
General MacArthur and Admiral Chester W. Nimitz developed a plan to get Japan within range of US bombers. This plan was the "Two-Pronged Attack" with the use of "Island Hopping". Both men would take their troops along one of two paths from island to island conquering each island as they go in attempts to get as close to Japan as possible.
Battle of Midway
Viewed by some as the turning point battle, the Battle of Midway occurred as the result of intercepted signals that revealed one of Japan's attack plans. The US was able to use this information to find and destroy 4 fleet carriers, 322 aircraft and more than 5,000 men.
The Flying Tigers
The Flying Tigers were a group known as the American Volunteer group (AVG). These fighter pilots destroyed around 300 Japanese planes over China with minimal losses of their own.
The Battle of Iwo Jima
At the battle of Iwo Jima the Japanese troops developed a new tactic of fighting from complex tunnels and caves instead of on the shoreline. The island was defended by approximately 23,000 troops and was defeated in a month's time by US troops.
The Battle of Okinawa
The Battle of Okinawa was a very bloody battle that lasted 82 days with many thousands of casualties. The Japanese continued with the tactic of fighting from tunnels and caves but also introduced kamikazi, or suicide pilots. This new tactic took the US by surprise and was difficult to defeat but the US and the Allies were ultimately victorious in this battle.
European and African Front
Closing in on Hitler From Three Sides ("Closing the Ring")
The goal of the Allies was to attack german controlled surrounding areas until germany itself could be attacked. The Allied forces took North Africa from Germany and then attacked Italy. The Soviet Union was making advances on Germany from the east and the allied forces attacked from the West to liberate France.
Invasion of Normandy (D-Day)
The Allied Forces attacked the beaches of Normandy, France. This was a very fortified area which required lots of planning of the allied powers. The planning included misleading the Germans by making fake attack plans. The Allied Powers were successful but lost about 2,000 troops.
Battle of the Bulge
US troops were caught off guard by a surprise blitzkrieg attack in Northwest Europe leading to over 100,000 US deaths. The US defences formed the shape of a large bulge which named the battle. General Patton lead an army to aid the suffering troops that was crucial to the US forces ending the German attack.
Navajo Code Talkers
Navajo Code Talkers were bilingual translators to assist in translating and sending messages in radio communications.
The Tuskegee Airmen were the first black military pilots. They were so successful and received so many honors that these men led to the eventual integration of negroes into the military.
The Fall of Berlin
After many losses by the German army, they were extremely weak. The Soviet Union attacked berlin mercilessly as hitler retreated to his bunker. The Soviet Union conquered Berlin at the expense of an extraordinary amount of German deaths.
Dwight Eisenhower was the supreme commander of the allied forces and led the invasion of Europe on D-day. His great success in the war led to America electing him as president.
Omar Bradley was the General of the army from D-day the the end of the war with Europe.
George Marshall was chief of staff during World War II.