By Hannah Irvin
Somalia has a very dry and arid climate.☀ It is mostly covered in desert and beaches, its average climate is between 75 to 88°F. Somalia has two rainy seasons, the first is from the beginning of April to the end of July. The second is from October to the end of November. The vegetation grows most during the first rainy season. Because most of the vegetation grows at one part of the year, this affects many of the people that live there. One way this affects them is because there is not lot of food in the dry seasons. Many of the people have to find an alternative to find food. Many of the Somali people have started pirating to make an income. Pirating is when a group of people hijack large cargo ships and sell the cargo and the crew for ransom. Other people chose to farm all through the year and sell their crops for what they can.
many plants like this one, have adapted to the dry and arid climate
climate map of the horn of Africa
Somalia is on the Horn of Africa
Desert in Somalia
even though Somalia is near an ocean does not mean that it is a tropical climate most of Somalia is covered in desert.
Somalia has a federal government. In Somalia instead of a prime minister or president, they have chiefs (called Warlords) that are all fighting for the control over the government. Many of these Warlords have been in a civil war with each other for a very long time. Some of these warlords have been at war with each other for centuries.
Somalia's natural resources include uranium, iron, copper, salt and natural gas.
Much of Somalia's natural resources are not being extracted because of the on going civil war between the Warlords ( See Government Section) and their tribes. Because many of these resources are not being extracted, this leads to many people not having jobs. The unemployment rate is 74% for adult women and 61% for adult men.