Temperate Deciduous Forest

By Assata Davis

What is a Temperate Decidous Forest?

A deciduous Forest is a forest where the trees lose their leaves seasonally. It is divided up into five zones, the Tree Stratum Zone, the small tree and sapling zone, the shrub zone, the herb zone, and the ground zone.The average temperature in a Decidous Forest is 50°F. The average rain fall is about 30 to 60 inches per year. There are many varying heights of trees and other plants in the forest and it's a home for many animals.

Location

Deciduous forests can be found in the middle of Europe, Asia, and in the eastern half of North america. More specificly they are found in Russia, Japan, new Zealand, South America, the middle east coast of paraguay, and eastern China.

Big image

Climate

Overall Deciduous forests are moist. The average temperature in a Decidous Forest is 50°F. The average rain fall is about 30 to 60 inches per year. It's seasons are very distinct with mild summers and cold winters. Summer begins in june and ends around august. Winter doesn't begin till about december with temperatures a little below zero. Because most deciduous forests are located close to an ocean, the wind and the ocean play a big part in the climate.

Plant Life

Some plants that grow in the Deciduous forest are the American Beech tree with an adaption of having a shallow root system, carpet moss with an adaption of being able to produce both asexually and sexually, common lime with an adaption of growing up to 25 meters high, Guelder rose with an adaption of being able to grow in both acidic soil and hard clay, Northern arrow wood with an adaption of growing to sometimes 15 feet! Other plants include pecan trees, Shagbark hickory, tawny milk cap mushroom, white birch trees, and white oak trees. These plants all had to adapt to fit into the forest by either changing the amount of sunlight or height they needed, because they had to compete for sunlight. If they couldn't get enough sunlight, then they would need to adapt to need less sunlight to survive. If they needed more space they would have to get smaller or bigger. Almost all of the plants in deciduous forests grow in moist ground and flower and lose leaves seasonally.


Big image

Animals

Some animals in the deciduous forest include the bald eagle with an adaption of having a big brow bone to protect it's eyes from the sun, the black bear with an adaption of getting a thick fur coat to protect it during the cold winter, coyote with an adaption of having a good sense of smell and hearing, eastern chipmunk with an adaption of having a big cheek pouch to carry food, the platypus, white-tailed deer with an adaption of having a white tail that flips up when they are scared in order to warn other deer of the danger. One example of competition would be between the chipmunk and the squirrel. They both use the same resources, so they have to compete in order to survive and get the resources they need. Another would be between the black bear and the bald eagle. They both eat fish so they have to compete to get them. An example of predation is between fish and the bald eagle eating it. Another example of predation is between fish and the black bear eating it. Another example of predation is between insects and the chipmunk eating them. Another example of predation is between mice and coyotes eating them.
Big image

Ecological Concerns

Some ecological concerns include, deforestation, invasive species, pollution, acid rain, and basically it all boils down to humans. Some Endangered animals would be the platypus and the European red squirrel. The deciduous forest is important because it gives homes to a lot of plants and animals, endangered or not. Also because the plants put oxygen back into the atmosphere so we can breathe.


Additional Info/ Cool fact

Some plants and animals in the deciduous forest make themselves look like the ground to avoid getting eaten!


Big image