IRAN is a Cool Country

Editors: Sarah Br. and Tari Sa.

Brief Intro of Iran by Tari Sa.

Iran is a country in the Middle East. In this article, you will learn about this country's Geography/Travels, Government, Economy, Social/Ethnic Groups, Religion/Language, Traditional Holidays, Clothing, and Food, and History. Iran is a wonderful country, and I hope you enjoy learning about it.


Geography and Travels by Tari Sa.

The geography of Iran is quite interesting. Iran is a country of mountains, hills, and plateaus. Notable mountains are the Elburz(in the north) and Zagros(along the west border) Mountains. Important and huge plateaus are Plateau of Iran and Dasht-e kavir. The most significant and important river in Iran is the Karun River which runs along the southwest. Major cities of Iran are: Tehran(Iran's capital), Mashhad, Esfahan, and Tabriz.


The climate and weather in Iran varies as you move around the country. In some places, it is hot and dry while in others,it is cool. The highest temperatures are 50-60 degrees, and the lowest temperatures go as low as -20 degrees.


The most practical way to go to Iran is by plane. Iran is quite far away, and taking a plane is the fastest mode of transportation we have. The general price of a plane ticket going from DFW to Tehran, Iran is about $3,080. The flight duration of that trip is roughly 20 hours or more.

Government/Foreign Policy by Tari Sa.

Iran's government is a Theocratic Republic. A theocracy is where the country's leader is also their religious leader. Iran has a president and a supreme leader. Their president, Hassan Rouhani, supervises all the laws made and keeps everything in balance. He is in control of the military and controls all the executive orders too. Even though he is president, Rouhani doesn't have the ultimate power. Iran's supreme leader, Ali Khamenei, has the ultimate power and has complete control over Iran. Iran's law-making body is called the Parliament of Iran. Since Khamenei has control over the government, Iran's government wouldn't be considered a limited government.

Economy by Tari Sa.

Iran's currency is the Iranian Rial. The Iranian Rial is equivalent to 0.00004 U.S. dollars. The picture to the left is an example of an Iranian Rial. Some export items of Iran are: Oil, petroleum, fruit and nuts, and carpets. Iran's export items are quite favorable with China and Japan. Imports of Iran are: Oil, natural gas, capital goods, and foodstuff. Iran's GDP per Capita is roughly 6,815.57 USD.


I think that Iran is a relatively wealthy country. They have large amounts of oil underground that is essential for most countries. Although, when Iran runs out, I'm not sure what would happen to them. Oil makes up a big part of their economy.

Social and Ethnic Groups by Sarah Br.

The Ethnic Groups- Persian 61%, Azeri 16%, Kurd 10%, Lur 6%, Baloch 2%, Arab 2%, Turkmen and Turkic Tribes 2%, and other ethnic groups 1%. The Azeris are not treated like second class citizens and they blend more into the Iran society than other ethnic groups. The Kurds want greater independence and have had many clashes with the Iranian security forces. Baluchis are in the least developed part of Iran and have the highest unemployment rate. All of the ethnic groups face discrimination, schools don’t teach in their language, they are denied government jobs and their religions are neglected.


Girls and boys go to different schools until university level. Girls normally have female teachers, and boys normally have male teachers. Kids start going to school in Iran when they are about five years old. Iranians can attend free public schools or a private school. There are many taxes in Iran, but not a direct school tax. Women don’t have equal rights to men in the areas of marriage, divorce, child custody, and inheritance. Laws do not protect children from abuse. Many children are abused and also subjected to child labor.

Religion, Language, and Country Flag by Sarah Br.

The religions of Iran are: Muslim (official) 98%, Shia Muslim 89%, Sunni Muslim 9%), Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i 2%. The languages spoken by the Iranians are: Languages- Persian (official) 53%, Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects 18%, Kurdish 10%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 7%, Luri 6%, Baloch 2%, Arabic 2%, and other languages 2%.


Iran's flag has three equal horizontal bands on it. The top band is green, the middle band is white, and the bottom band is red. In red in the middle of the white band, there is a representation of the word Allah in the shape of a tulip, which is a symbol of martyrdom. The green represents Islam, the white represents peace, and the red means courage. This flag was accepted on July 29, 1980.

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Traditional Holidays/Festivals, Clothes, and Food by Sarah Br.

Iran’s traditional holidays and festivals are:


  • Republic day on April 1st.
  • Independence Day. Another festival is Sizdah Bedar which is a Persian festival meaning joy and solidarity (shown on your right). It is celebrated on the 13th day as a new beginning of the new twelve months.
  • This entry gives the primary national day of celebration usually called and on the last day of Nowruz celebration.



Iran has a dress code for clothing. Men are not allowed to wear short pants or extreme short sleeve and tight shirts. Women’s heads and hair must be covered, and they must wear something loose to cover their body. The most traditional uniform consists of a head scarf to conceal the head and neck, a knee length coat, and a long dress or pair of pants.


Some traditional foods of Iran are: Nan Sangak, Kale Pache, Dizi, and Chelow Kabab. Personally, I enjoy the meal Chelo Kebab the most.


Ingredients:


• 1 lb. ground beef or lamb


• 1 teaspoon cumin


• 1/4 teaspoon black pepper


• 1 large onion, chopped


Preparation:


In a mixing bowl, combine all ingredients. Combine well using wooden spoon, or with your hands.


Mixing with your hands allows the mixture to combine better.


Take about 1/4 meat mixture and make into a ball. Place ball through flat skewers, and shape into square cigar-like shapes. Repeat with remaining meat.


Place on grill and cook about 4-6 minutes each side, until meat is no longer pink and is done.


Serve over a bed of white rice and pita bread. Serve with a salad, like a fattoush or tabbouleh.

Notable People and History by Sarah Br. and Tari Sa.


Leila Vaziri is a notable person from Iran. Leia was born on June 6th, 1985, and is currently 28 years old. She is a current world record holder of the 50 mile backstroke, which she accomplished on March 28th 2007. Vaziri is an important figure because she brings a lot of positive things to her country, she represents them, and she also shows that she and her country have lot of spirit. Leila Vaziri is shown to your right.



Some conflicts Iran had to endure are: the Iran-Iraq War and Iran Hostage Crisis. The Iran-Iraq War started in the 1980's because of Saddam Hussein. He wanted some more access to the Persian Gulf and more control over Iran's oil fields. In the Iran Hostage Crisis which started in 1979, it started because of Ayatollah Khomeini. He was anti-american so his supporters captured the US embassy in Iran and held them hostage. It took a long time to get the hostages back. Below is a timeline of Iran starting in 1979.
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