Government, Economy, Culture, and Geography


federal repuplic gov.President Pranab MUKHERJEE and Prime Minister Manmohan SINGi.was adopted in january 26 1950 amended many times. 18 years of age. 


$3,900 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 164 $3,700 (2011 est.) $3,500 (2010 est.) Data are in 2012 US dollars rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, lentils, onions, potatoes; dairy products, sheep, goats, poultry. fishChina 11.9%, UAE 7.7%, Switzerland 6.8%, Saudi Arabia 6.1%, US 4.9% (2011).UAE 12.7%, US 10.8%, China 6.2%, Singapore 5.3%, Hong Kong 4.1% (2011)498.4 million (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 2


Indian, indian(s). Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000).Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%.English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication.Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit.Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language.(2001 census) Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)


Natural Reasources;Upland plain in south , flat to rolling plain along the ganges, deserts in west and himalayas in north.coal, iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, titanium ore, chomite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, and limestone.Natural hazards;droughts; flash floods, as well as widespread and destructive flooding from monsoonal rains; severe thunderstorms; earthquakesvolcanism: Barren Island (elev. 354 m) in the Andaman Sea has been active in recent years.


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