European Nationalism

By: Sloane Samberson, Matthew Mudrick & Sky Breedlove

Essential Question: How has nationalism influenced the unification amongst European countries to this day?

What is Nationalism?

Definition: Nationalism is a sense of identity with the nation.

In the 19th century, nationalism was the basic organizing principle in Western society during the age of industrialization and urbanization.

Nationalism became the most effective way to create symbols of resistance and to unite through similarities.

Anyone who supported nationalism wanted to create new ethnic groups/nationalities.

When did this movement begin?

In the early 1800s, nationalists began to revolt in Serbia. From then on other countries jumped on the bandwagon and felt as if they wanted to become unified and independent too.

Who and what did it impact?

It impacted the ability to become independent in these countries/states/cities: Bulgaria, France, Norway, Romania, Belgium, Montenegro, Hungary, Germany, and Italy. It impacted national pride, economic competition, and democratic ideals began growth of nationalism.

Who were major leaders during this movement?

Otto von Bismarck In 1847 he began his political career. In 1851 he was appointed to the Prussian representative to the German Confederation. In 1861 he returned to prussia and was appointed as the prime minister. He wanted to unite the German states into a big German empire with Prussia at its core. He was a German statesman who unified many German states into part of the German empire. He then created the “balance of power” which kept peace in Europe from 1871 to 1914.

Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour He was a leader in Italian Unification. He founded the liberal party for Italy and lead people to unification.

What are Nation-States?

Definition: a form of political organization under which a relatively homogeneous people inhabits a sovereign state; especially :a state containing one as opposed to several nationalities

The state part means that they are a political and geographical unit and the nation part means that they have similar culture and ethnicity. The term nation-states means that the two ideas coincide with each other.

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