Gibbons v. Ogden

By: Hallie and Hayley

Summary

The state of New York had granted a monopoly to Ogden to operate a steamboat between New York and New Jersey. Gibbons obtained a Congressional permit to operate a steamboat line in the same waters. When Ogden sued to maintain his monopoly, the New York courts ruled in his favor. However, Gibbons’ appealed the case to the Supreme Court. Supreme Court ruled in Gibbons’ favor.


Why did it happen?

There was a conflict between Gibbons and Ogden over who had the right to operate steamboats in certain waters between New York and New Jersey.

What did it solve?

The conflict between Gibbons and Ogden was resolved. Also, it ruled that commerce included navigation, and that only Congress has the right to regulate commerce among states.


What did it change?

The Court ruled Congress had powers to regulate any aspect of commerce that crossed state lines, including modes of transportation. Also, if Congress regulation and state regulation conflicted with each other, Congress regulation overrules the state regulation.