Rwanda

Hannah Gelnaw & Josh Kloud

Thesis

Throughout time many powerful civilizations have collapsed due to internal problems and when looking at Rwanda's struggles with genocide and poverty it looks as if it is not far from collapsing itself.

Genocide

Rwanda burst out into violence in April 6, 1994 when president Habyarimana’s ,plane was shot down. Under the cover of warfare, the Hutu launched their plan to eliminate the Tutsi minority. The Hutu people had resented the Tutsi's due to their once oppressive rule and fear that if the RPF(a rebel army who wanted to bring democracy to Rwanda) rose to power the it would be reinstated. Around 200,000 people participated in the genocide and about 1,000,000 people were killed. The genocide was ended when the RPF was able to defeat the Hutu and president Kagame came to power. The genocide resulted in human and material loss, psychological problems, and social unrest. Many children were left orphaned and many people suffer from post traumatic stress, the Tutsi and Hutu both feel victimized.

Poverty

Today Rwanda is trying hard to become an economically successful country. They have taken the necessary steps to becoming a middle income country by the year 2020 and have also managed to increase tourism. Though Rwanda has improved its economy it still has a long way to grow. 40% of Rwanda's people still live in crushing poverty, and with its rapid population growth the number of impoverished people may become much larger. Rwanda is also suffering many agricultural problems, being in a land locked and dry area, growing crops is filled with many obstacles, causing many people to be malnourished and making it hard to increase the gdp of agriculture

Government

Before the Genocide Rwanda was in a civil war against the RPF who were fighting for democracy. RPF focuses on guerrilla warfare which is a very dangerous tactic because nobody know where the enemy could be. This lead to many civilians dying. The war was brought to an end through peace talks, but it is believed that presidents Habyarimana's plane was shout down by the RPF. Once the genocide was ended through the RPF's victory, president Kagame was instated. President Kagame is currently ruling today.President Kagame has carried out two wars in the democratic republic of the Congo and has been ruling with an iron fist. Kagame will not be up for re-election in 2017, because of the constitution, yet it is not certain that he will not try to stay in power.

Work Cited

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