Benefits of Industrialism

by: Taylor Dilena

Big image

The Industrial Revolution

Marked a major turning point in Earth's ecology and human's relationship with their environment. The Industrial Revolution changed the way the American economy works. It brought more efficient ways of transportation and made manufacturing goods easier.

Some of the greatest inventions

Big image

John Deere

John Deere was an American inventor and manufacturer of agricultural equipment. In 1837, Deere started an eponymous company that went on to become an international powerhouse. Deere determined that the wood and cast-iron plow in use at the time was ill suited to the challenges presented by prairie soil, so after some experimentation he crafted a new kind of plow and sold his first one in 1838.
Big image

Rudolf Diesel

Since Rudolf was best known for his invention of the pressure-ignited heat engine that bears his name, Rudolf Diesel was also a well-respected thermal engineer and a social theorist. Rudolf Diesel's inventions have three points in common: They relate to heat transference by natural physical processes or laws; they involve markedly creative mechanical design; and they were initially motivated by the inventor's concept of sociological needs.

Transportation Improvements and Agriculture of Industrialism

In the second decade of the nineteenth century, roads were very poor and weak. Getting the the frontier and instituting trade with settlers was very hard. In 1807, Robert Fulton sailed the first steamboat which was known as the Clermont, from New York to Albany. Within twenty years, 200 steamboats were plying the routes which wee from Pittsburgh to Mississippi.


Elias Howe used interchangeable parts to make the first workable sewing machine in 1846. Clock makers used it to make metal gears. In making the milling machine to produce precision guns and rifles in a very efficient and effective way, Eli Whitney set the industrial forces of the North in motion.

Big image
Big image

The Industrial Revolution Overall

The Industrial Revolution changed the way the American economy works. It brought more efficient ways of transportation and made manufacturing goods easier. The creation of the American System made many manufacturing products easier than before and increased immigration caused new ideas in government in laws and politics. This time period brought major changes in the way our economy runs and our government works. The Industrial Revolution was a time period where many new inventions were made and new machines that made life a lot easier for people in America. The Industrial Revolution included Whitney’s American System, the cotton gin, the steam engine, there were more jobs in factories, and mill regulations. During this time period, more than half of the population were farmers and today, there is only one percent. It was also a time where people were forced to work and many people were in poverty.

Positives and Negatives of the Industrial Revolution

Positives

  • With the Industrial Revolution came inventions that promoted economic growth and enhanced agricultural production.

  • Improved systems of transportation moved goods swiftly across the countryside.

  • People had the freedom and means to travel greater distances than ever before.

  • innovations, inventions, and improvements in the old ways of doing things that allowed Americans more personal freedom.

  • The lithograph by Currier & Ives depicts four of the major inventions of the nineteenth century which were developed during the industrial revolution

  • the lightning steam press

  • the electric telegraph

  • the locomotive

  • the steamboat


Negatives

  • The immigrants who flocked to the cities encountered grueling and dangerous working conditions.

  • Women and children were forced to work.

  • The changes brought about by industrialization and immigration gave rise to the labor movement and the emergence of women's organizations advocating industrial reforms.

  • Immigrants were taking many of the jobs which created poverty for many people.

    • They could fire workers who complained or refused to stay on the job, especially in periods when demand for output was high.

    • In bad economic times, employers cut wages and increased the number and speed of machines workers were expected to operate.

    • Some machines were highly dangerous.

    • The rate of industrial accidents rose, and workers rarely got adequate compensation.

  • Unrestrained by regulatory laws, employers obliged their laborers to work ten- to fifteen-hour shifts, usually six days a week.

Works Cited

"Telephone History - Invention of the Telephone." Telephone History - Invention of the Telephone. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2015. <http://www.ideafinder.com/history/inventions/telephone.htm>.


[The First Telephone Developed. Digital image. Fineartamerica. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2015. <http://fineartamerica.com/featured/the-first- telephone-developed-everett.html>.


"John Bull and Uncle Sam: Four Centuries of British-American RelationsInventions and Discoveries." Inventions and Discoveries. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2015. <http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/british/brit-5.html>.


"The TELEGRAPH." Thomas A. Edison-Telegraph. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2015. <http://www.telegraph- history.org/edison/appletons/index.html>.


"A Touch of France: Cinema, Science, and Medicine in France."Medicographia RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2015. <http://www.medicographia.com/2013/10/a-touch-of-france- cinema-science-and-medicine-in-france/>.


"John Deere." Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Mar. 2015. <http%3A%2F%2Fwww.biography.com%2Fpeople%2Fjohn-deere- 9269591%23synopsis>.


Bellis, Mary. "Rudolf Diesel - Inventor of the Diesel Engine Rudolf Diesel." About.com Inventors. About.com, 05 Mar. 2014. Web. 21 Mar. 2015. <http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/bldiesel.htm>.



"Rudolf Diesel - Inventor of the Diesel Engine Rudolf Diesel." Fünf Weitere Geheimnisse Der Deutschen Geschichte. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Mar. 2015. <http://www.hoerzu.de/wissen-service/wissen/fuenf-weitere- geheimnisse-der-deutschen-geschichte>.


"Inventors and Inventions." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2015. <http://www.ushistory.org/us/25c.asp>.


"The Dave Thomson Collection - Steamboats.com." The Dave Thomson Collection - Steamboats.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2015. <http://steamboats.com/museum/davet-photos5.html>.


"First Workable Sewing Machine." Threadsmagazine.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Mar. 2015. <http://www.threadsmagazine.com/item/18941/this-is-your-grandmothers-sewing-machine>.


http://www.learner.org/courses/amerhistory/units/14/themes/3.html

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/historyofus/web04/index.html