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In 1793, the Chinese rejected the British requests for open trade. The British wanted the Chinese to open trade so that they could trade because the king had lost his North American colonies. The Chinese refused because they didn't think that they would need any British exports. In the packet on page 932.


In 1798, Napoleon invaded Egypt. On July 1, Napoleon landed in Egypt with 400 ships and 54,000 men and 140 men to studies the native animals and people. The main reason for the invasion was for the savants to study the land and people.
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In the 1830s, famine and rebellions broke out in Japan. The famine had started in 1833 and when the famine started, the rebellions started to break out because people didn't have enough food.


Between 1838 and 1842, the first Opium War broke out in China. When the emperor decided to put firm measures to sepress the trade of opium, he selected Lin Zexu to enforce it. By 1839, he had confiscated 50,000 pounds of drugs and arrested 1,700 dealers. The people didn't like the ban of opium and eventually it stared a war of not having opium. Found in the packet on page 940.
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Between 1838 and 1876, Tanzimat reforms in the Ottoman Empire. The reformations were heavily influenced by European ideas. The reformations were meant to change the empire from the old system to the newer system.


Between 1850 and 1864, the Taiping Uprising happened in China. The uprising was the most important that happened in China in the 19th century. It was influenced by Christian teachings and led by Hong Xuiquan. Hong Xuiquan wanted a new empire for himself.
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Between 1856 and 1858, the second Opium War happened in China. The war was caused by the British trying to open up trade of opium with the Chinese. The Chinese didn't want to trade and this led to the second opium war in China.


In 1853, Admiral Perry arrives in Japan. Admiral Perry forced the Japanese into trade with the United States. He also demanded a treaty permitting trade and the opening of Japan's ports to US merchant ships.
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In 1868, Meiji Restoration started in Japan. The Meiji Restoration was a chain of events that Restored the practical abilities to the Meiji Empire. It changed the political and social structure of the empire. The emperor wanted to modernize the empire with newer systems.


Between 1894 and 1901, Sino-Japanese War started. The war was fought between the Qing empire and the empire of Japan. After six months of unbroken successes by the Japanese, China sued for peace in 1895. The war demonstrated failure of the Qing empire. The war was primarily fought for control of Korea.
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In 1896, Ethiopian defeat of Italy preserves Ethiopia's independence. The battle is known as the Battle of Adwa. The battle started near a small town called Adwa and the war was between Italy and Ethiopia. It started because Ethiopia broke a treaty that Italy set.


Between 1899 and 1901, the Boxer rebellion in China started. The rebellion was violent anti-foreign and anti-Christian uprising that took place in China. It was against the spears of western and Japanese influences. The people in China didn't want western and Japanese influences in China so they rebelled against them.
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Between 1904 and 1905, the Russo-Japanese War started. War fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan. It started because Russia wanted a warm water port for trading but Japan wouldn't let them in. It took place in seas around Japan and Korea.


In 1908, the Young Turk Takeover started in the Ottoman Empire. The revolt was triggered by a meeting between Edward VII and Nicholas II.
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In 1910, Japan annexes Korea. On August 22, 1910 Japan and Korea had a treaty made and Japan started to rule Korea. The treaty was forced on the Koreans by the Japanese. The treaty was to allow the Japanese to rule Korea.


In 1911, the Chinese revolution started and the Qing Dynasty ended. When the revolution started, the Qing Dynasty was overthrown. The Republic of China was established as a result of the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty.
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