Question 1: What is sustainable living? How could someone achieve sustainable living? Do you personally think you could reach sustainable living?
Question 2: Fossil fuels vs renewable energy- compare and contrast the two forms of energy. Look at the cost financially to humans and environmentally to the Earth.
Question 3: What does it mean to recycle? Why should someone recycle? How long does it take for these to decompose?
Tin can: 50 years
Glass bottle: 1 million years
Disposable diaper: 450 years
Wood: up to 300 years depending on the size
Paper: 2-6 weeks
Plastic bag: 10-20 years
Styrofoam cup: never
Aluminum can: 80-200 years
Cotton t-shirt: 1-5 months
Apple core: 2 months
Question 4: What is the Great Pacific Garbage Patch? What can we do here in Iowa to help decrease it?
Question 5: Define 2 biomes of the world, define an ecosystem found in each and explain the biotic and abiotic factors involved.
Biotic- plants and animals
Abiotic- sand surrounding it
Freshwater: water with low salt concentration such as ponds and lakes
Biotic- fish and algae
Abiotic- current of the water
Question 6: Choose any biome, create a food chain defining the primary producer, primary consumer, secondary consumer, tertiary consumer, quaternary consumer, herbivore, omnivore, carnivore, scavenger, and decomposer.
Primary producer- strangler figs
Primary consumer- moths
Secondary consumer- frog
Tertiary consumer- lace monitor
Quaternary consumer- snake
Herbivore- three toed sloth
Scavenger- King vulture
Question 7: What are dead zones in the Gulf of Mexico? What causes this situation? What can be done to help stop them?
Question 8: Define Keystone Species, give 2 examples, one a top predator and one not a top predator. Explain how their absence would affect the ecosystem.
Question 9: Competitive Exclusion- define it and give 2 examples.
Question 10: Define the following terms and give 2 examples of each.
Parasites: an organism that lives on or in another organism of another species from the body of which it obtains nutrients. Examples: tapeworms, fleas
Mimicry: the close resemblance of an organism to some different organism, used as a defense mechanism. Examples: monarch butterflies, robber flies
Mutualism: a relationship between 2 species of organisms in which both benefit from the association. Examples: oxpecker and rhino