Unit 9 & 10 Test Review
Civil War, Reconstruction, Inventions, & Immigrants
- Began in 1861, and ended in 1865.
- Causes of the Civil War: states' rights, sectionalism, and secession
- Sectionalism before the Civil War - Industrialized North (factories) and the Agricultural South (farms and plantations)
- An effect of the Civil War was the abolishing of slavery. (13th Amendment)
- Abraham Lincoln - President during Civil War; issued the Emancipation Proclamation, wanted freedom for the slaves, and did not believe in secession.
- Underground Railroad - system of secret routes, led by Harriet Tubman, used by escaping slaves that led from the South to the North and Canada.
- During the Civil War there was a shortage of certain goods. The PRICE of these goods RISES because the DEMAND is HIGH and the SUPPLY is LOW.
- Memorial Day began to honor the fallen soldiers of the Civil War.
Southern states seceded because he was elected President in 1860.
Underground Railroad Map
The blockade created a shortage of goods the both the North and South.
- 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendment all promoted equality.
- 13th Amendment - abolished slavery
- 14th Amendment - gave African Americans citizenship
- 15th Amendment - equal rights for all
Inventions (Industrial Revolution)
Eli Whitney's cotton gin made cotton farming easier. This led to more cotton being produced, so plantations owners made more money, which is money they spent to buy more slaves. This increased the slave population in the South, This is one example of how the Industrial Revolution led to the Civil War.
Transcontinental Railroad -
- Built from 2 directions (Omaha, Nebraska and built west; Sacramento, California and built east)
- Met in the middle at Promontory Point.
- Increased trade and communications between the East and West.
- Made it easier for more people to move West.
Growth of Slavery and Cotton in America
As cotton rises so does the number of slaves.
Building the railroad.
Map of the Transcontinental Railroad
Built from two directions and met in the middle at Promontory Point.