1700-1799 Fashion Trends
By Jasmine Guillory
Men and Women clothing
Up until the middle of the 18th century, fashion was a fairly reliable visual indicator of the wear’s social rank.
The sack- back gown with flowing pleats from the shoulders was originally an undress fashion. At its most informal, this gown was unfitted both front and back and called a sacque. With a more relaxed style came a shift away from heavy fabrics, such as satin and velvet, to Indian cotton, silks and damasks. Also, these gowns were often made in lighter pastel shades that gave off a warm, graceful and childlike appearance.Later, for formal wear, the front was fitted to the body by means of a tightly-laced underbodice, while the back fell in loose box pleats called "Watteau pleats" from their appearance in the paintings of Antonine Watteau
The less formal robe à l'anglaise, close- bodied gown or "nightgown" also had a pleated back, but the pleats were sewn down to fit the bodice to the body to the waist.
The male suit, also known as the habit, made of three parts: the justaucorps a jacket, and breeches In the early eighteenth century the jacket continued to have a full skirt. Fabrics for men were primarily silks, velvets, and brocades, with woolens used for the middle class and for sporting costumes.