Saadi

By: Avery Medinis, Kyle Haynes, Ubin Jung, Victoria Bauer

The life of Saadi


  • C. 1213-1291
  • Born in the Persian city of Shiraz
  • Real name was Muslihuddim, adopted the pseudonym Saadi to show his appreciation for his royal patron, a local ruler Sa'd bin Zangi
  • Educated in Baghdad
  • On top of studying at a major university, he was a disciple of several famous religious and mystical teachers
  • Spent 3 decades devoted to his education, another 3 decades traveling and composing poetry, another 3 decades in religious seclusion and devoted to revising his poems, and last 10 years taking care of the needy and teaching the ways of Islamic mysticism
  • As a writer, he is known mainly for 3 major works: the Bhustan, the Gullistan, and the DIvan.
  • Persian-speaking people of all ages still read his works for enjoyment and ethical guidelines in their lives.
  • Even now, Saadi is revered for his wit, learning, and elegant style of writing.


The Bustan

  • Means "the garden"
  • A collection of religious and ethical poems
  • Saadi's first work
  • Bustan is entirely in verse, consists of stories illustrating the standard virtues
  • Recommended to Muslims (justice, liberality, modesty, contentment).


The Gulistan

  • Means "rose garden"
  • A book of fables
  • Contains stories and personal anecdotes.
  • A wide variety of short poems, containing aphorisms, advice, and humorous reflections are sprinkled in there.
  • Saadi demonstrates an awareness of the absurdity of human existence.


The Divan

  • Means "collection of poems"
  • Contains many odes, and a few light/humorous poems


Famous Quotes

  • “Whoever has his foe at his mercy, and does not kill him, is his own enemy”


  • "He who learns the rules of wisdom, without conforming to them in his life, is like a man who labored in his fields, but did not sow”


  • “A scholar without diligence is a lover without money”


  • "A man is insensible to the relish of prosperity 'till he has tasted adversity."