Social-Cognitive Perspective

Dontavious Lampley

Albert Bandura Biography

Albert Bandura is a contemporary psychologist specializing in developmental psychology and educational psychology. Much of his work centers around social learning theory. He is one of the most widely-cited psychologists of all time. Albert was born in Alberta, Canada in the small town of Mundare.

Reciprocal Determinism

~The process in which cognition, behavior, and the environment mutually influence each other

Examples:

*Your interest in psychology (cognition/self) will lead you to spend time with the psychology department on campus (environment), and that will came you to interact with students and faculty that share your interest (social behavior).

*Your hobby and enjoyment of literature and reading (self/cognition) will lead you to join a book club ( environment) and make new friends who share the same interest as you (behavior).

Self-efficacy

~Reflects confidence in the ability to exert control over one's own motivation, behavior, and social environment

Examples:

*"I am a smart person" relates to self-concept, whereas "I am confident that I can get an A in my educational psychology course" relates to self-efficacy

Bobo Doll Experiment

The researchers pre-tested the children for how aggressive they were by observing the children in the nursery and judged their aggressive behavior on four 5-point rating scales. It was then possible to match the children in each group so that they had similar levels of aggression in their everyday behavior. The experiment is therefore an example of a matched pairs design.

Learned Helplessness

Example: in psychology, a mental state in which an organism forced to bear averse stimuli, or stimuli that are painful or encounter unpleasant, becomes unable or unwilling to avoid subsequent encounters with those stimuli, even if they are "escapable".
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