Allergic Reactions

2015-2016

What Are Allergies.

Allergies are an immune reaction that attacks harmless substances. These attacks cause mild to severe reactions depending on how allergic someone is. These reactions range from itchy eyes, to a huge drop in blood pressure, and even death. Allergies can be caused by genetics and environmental issues. Allergies usually aren't fatal unless someone is severely allergic to their trigger. Anyone can have allergies and they can have them for almost any amount of time, whether they are born with them or develop them later on.

What Body Systems Are Affected?

Immune System

Allergies and the reactions they cause affect the immune system. This is where the allergy starts and the conditions a malfunction of the immune system.
Integument System

Allergies affect the integument system when a patient interacts with their trigger(s). This system usually does not erupt in hives and turn red.

Respiratory System

The respiratory system is affected when a patient interacts with their trigger(s). This system normally functions by taking oxygen in and carbon dioxide out of the body but allergies restrict this.

Nervous System

The nervous system is affected when a patient interacts with their trigger(s). This system usually allows one to feel and to use their senses. Usually the eyes allow you to see but when someone has a reaction they can become itchy and red.

Who Is Affected?

Anyone has the potential to be affected by allergies. Your race and ethnicity don't matter but younger member of society are at a hire risk because their immune system is less developed. Though most people who have allergies are born with them it is possible to develop allergies later in life, this usually happens during the teenage years.

How Do I Get Allergies?

Allergies are a condition that you are usually born with, though they can be developed later in life. Evidence points to allergies being genetic but it can also come from an overreaction of the immune system. Some scientists think this overreaction of the immune system comes from first world countries being to hygienic and not exposing babies to potential allergens, so their immune systems don't overreact.
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How Are Allergies Diagnosed?

Allergies are hard to diagnose but it can be done with a couple of tests. The easiest way to diagnose allergies is to react to something, this can be done in a controlled environment by a doctor. The doctor pricks the patients back with a series of needles each containing a small amount of a potential allergens. If you react to these potential allergens your probably allergic. Aside from exposing you directly to allergens you can also have a blood test done to see whether or not you are allergic. Scientists take the blood and test it with the allergens to see how the immune cells react.

Signs And Symptoms Of Allergies.

Some symptoms include, vomiting, hives, a rash, itchy or red eyes, stuffy nose, asthma, and in severe cases a severe anaphylactic shock. In anaphylaxis the patients blood pressure drop quickly, this is accompanied by the symptoms listed above specific to the patient. There is no real way to spot an allergic reaction or someone who is allergic before its happened, so its best to be careful if you think your allergic to a substance

Treatment for allergies

Treating Allergies

Treating allergies is a tough business. One of the only ways to get rid of allergies would be to grow out of them, which isn't really a treatment at all. The other and only other way to treat allergies is to build immunity. Building immunity can be a long process, sometimes it might be easy, building immunity to Hay Fever just requires you to be outside. Or building immunity could be tough, like in most cases. These tough cases are treated by a series of injections that can take along time. These injection each include mall amounts of the allergen, this system works by trying to make the body less sensitive to the allergen.

Life With Allergies

People with allergies have the potential to live a completely normal life depending on the severity of the allergies. Most people will not die from allergies, though some symptoms can kill you, Staying away from your allergen is all you need to do to live normally.

Connections

Personal Connections

My Brother, Sam, is allergic to wasps and yellow jackets.

Cat my cousin is severly allergic to peanuts.

My uncle is an allergist and he works at dartmouth.

People You Know

Kim Kardashian is allergic to cats.

Miley Cyrus is allergic to antibiotics.

Ray Ramono is allergic to peanuts.

Works Cited


Stehlin, Isadora B. "Taking A Shot At Allergy Relief." FDA Consumer 30.4 (1996): 6. MAS Ultra - School Edition. Web. 22 Jan. 2016.

Mayo Clinic Staff. "Allergies." Tests and Diagnosis. Mayo Clinic, n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2016.

LALIBERTE, RICHARD. "Spring Allergies." Prevention 67.3 (2015): 55. MAS Ultra - School Edition. Web. 22 Jan. 2016

Adler, Jerry, Anne Underwood, and Karen Springen. "The Allergy Epidemics." Newsweek 142.12 (2003): 50. Middle Search Plus. Web. 22

Jan. 2016."Anaphylaxis." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (2015): 1. MAS Ultra - School Edition. Web. 22 Jan. 2016.

Project By: William Verdi