Cardiovascular Disease

By Ellie Hutchinson

What is Cardiovascular disease?

Cardiovascular Disease is the term used to describe all diseases of the heart and blood vessels. For example, coronary heart disease accounts for 18% of all deaths, while strokes account for 9% of all deaths. The statistics have gone down over the past years, but is still Australia's biggest health problem.

Risk Factors for CVD

The cause for most CVD's is the gradual narrowing or blockage of blood vessels. it is called atherosclerosis and is from the build up of fatty deposits in the lining of blood vessels. There are a number of factors associated with CVD, These include:

  • High Blood pressure
  • Smoking
  • Physical inactivity
  • Depression
  • Diabetes
  • Excessive Alcohol consumption
  • being overweight

Many of these risk factors can be prevented, and is easier to prevent than to stop when you get it.