Standard: 8.L.1.1 & 8.L.1.2
Outbreaks, Epidemics, and Pandemics!
Epidemics are an outbreak of a disease that affects many people in an area of a specific country or region.
Pandemics are an epidemic that spreads over a very large area or throughout the entire world.
The difference between a epidemic and a pandemic is that an epidemic is an outbreak of a Specific area of a country or region, a pandemic is an epidemic that spreads over a very large area or throughout the entire world.
Important words and there meanings.
Epidemic: An outbreak of a disease that affects many people in an area of a specific country or region.
Pandemic: An epidemic that spreads over a very large are or throughout the entire world.
Vector: An organism typically an insect that transmits disease.
Pathogen: A virus, bacteria, fungi, parasite, or protozoa that can cause illness and infection.
Protozoa: Diverse organisms that cannot be classified as animals, plants, or fungi.
Virus: A non-living pathogen that can change mutate. It infects a host cell and replaces to cause illness and disease.
Bacteria: Single-celled prokaryotes that can cause disease. Multiply rapidly and can form colonies.
Parasite: An organism that lives in or on another organism, called a host taking nutrients and often harming it in the process.
Fungi: A single-celled or multi-cellular organism that can decompose or absorb organic matter.
Host Cell: A cell that a virus invades, takes over, and makes copies of itself.
Quarantine: A time or place of isolation in which people or animals have been exposed to infectious or contagious disease are placed.