Federalism is one of the 4 ways that the Constitution protects against tyranny. Federalism guards against tyranny because it prevents the national government from gaining complete control over the nation. Federalism gives power to the national government and some power to the state goverment then the sate government gives power to county government and then the local government. The national goverment deals with more important things where as the sate government could deal with marriage laws. Federalism helps prevent the country from becoming a tyranny because the state and national government each have certain powers.
Seperation of Powers
Seperation of Powers is another way that the constituation guards against tyranny. Seperation of Powers helps the goverment from not becoming a tyranny because the government is split into 3 branches. This means that one branch does not have all the power or one person. If we did not have this seperation of powers are government would most likely become a tyranny. The 3 branches are Judical, Legislative and Executive. Also each branch has different jobs the executive branch enforces the laws, congress makes the laws and judical interprets the laws.
Checks and Balances
If we did not have Checks and Balances it is safe to say that one branch of government would have all the power. Checks and Balances basically limits the powers of all the other branches. This means one brach can not have comeplete control. This guards against tyranny because one persn or form of government does not have all of the power. For example the Surpreme Court can check the Senate by declaring a law unconstituational and the President can check the power of the Surpreme Court by nominating justices to the Surpreme Court and finally the Legislature can check the power of the chief executive by impeaching the president.
The Great Compromise
The Great Compromise it so that the big states did not dominate the small states. The Great Compromise made it so The House of Represenitives was based on population but the Senate had equal representation. This was fair because the small states did not get completely dominated. It was also fair because the more populated states got a bigger say in the house. This helped guard against tyranny because the large states did not have complete control over the small states in Congress and both plans got what they wanted.