by mikaela ortega
The United States discontinued compulsory military service-also known as the draft-and moved to an all-volunteer military force in 1973.
All branches of the military employ recruiters to maintain and build their forces
the recruitment efforts have always focused on young people.
A provision of the 2001 No Child Left Behind Act requires high schools that receive federal funding provide information on students to military recruiters, unless the student or parent opts out, which some claim is an invasion of privacy.
Some people believe that military recruiters should be allowed in schools because students need to be aware of career opportunities and other benefits the military has to offer.
- other people feel that high school students are too immature and impressionable to make a decision about joining the military
A dozen times a year, the Marines welcome groups of about 80 educators to the San Diego boot camp. Most come from schools west of the Mississippi, the San Diego boot camp's recruiting region.
A young Marine can get a college degree while on active duty or attend college or technical school at government expense once his or her service is completed.
Visits to high schools and access to school-directory information are critical to our recruiters' efforts-particularly because our standards require new soldiers to have a high school diploma or better.
A counter-recruiter's goal is to help young people become aware of options they may not see any for themselves. This is especially true, counter recruiters say, in high schools with limited resources.
Hardly any scholarship has been written about counter-recruitment, though it's been around for decades, Kershner said. "It's contributed to a real lack of understanding" of the movement, he said. Many counter recruiters are veterans who still hold respect for the military and are concerned about student welfare.
- More interest surrounded counter recruitment in 2002 when, as part of No Child Left Behind, to receive federal funding under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, the government began to require that schools give military recruiters the same access to secondary school students as they provide to postsecondary institutions or to prospective employers, according to the U.S. Department of Education website.