Created by: Ja'Quel Davis
What is Polio
Polio is a viral disease that can affect nerves and can lead to partial or full paralysis.
How it's transmitted
Polio can be transmitted through contaminated water and food or through direct contact with someone whose infected with the virus.
Signs and symptoms, which generally last 1 to 10 days, include: Fever, sore throat, headache, vomiting, fatigue, back pain or stiffness, neck pain or stiffness, pain or stiffness in the arms or legs, muscle weakness or tenderness, meningitis.
How it's prevented
Most children in the United States receive four doses of inactivated polio vaccine at the following ages: two months, between 6 and 18 months, between ages 4 and 6 when children are just entering school.
What Polio Affects
Paralytic polio could lead to temporary or permanent muscle paralysis, disability and deformities of hips, ankles and feet.
Where it's commonly found
In 2014, only 3 countries Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan remain polio-endemic, down from more than 125 in 1988.
How it's treated or cured
There isn't a cure but treatments for it are: bed rest, pain relievers, portable ventilators to assist breathing, moderate exercise(physical therapy) to prevent deformity and loss of muscle function, a nutritious diet.
Pump It Up: 1
The percentage of cases has dropped 99% and only Nigeria, Pakistan, and Afghanistan are the only places that have polio.
Pump It Up: 2
Two polio vaccines are used throughout the world to combat polio. The first vaccine was developed by Jones Salk. The first vaccine was tested 1952, and was licensed in 1962. It was announced to the world by Dr. Thomas Francis Jr. on 12 April 1955.