Wolf

Leisa Tsunoda Per. 9 5-16-16

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Habitat

Gray wolves live mostly in forests and mountainous places. They also live in arctic tundras and prairies. More broader places are the U.S Alaska Canada and Mexico. Each wolf pack lives in a place called a territory. They mark their territory by their scent such as urinating on rocks, trees, and other things in their territory. If another pack invades a pack's territory, they will be attacked or killed. The territory is usually a spot with lots of prey.(Electronic Encyclopedia, Wolf)

Movement

A wolf has 4 strong legs to run, leap, crawl, and do many other things. A wolf can go as fast as 35 mph., but will usually go at a pace of 20 mph. They can outrun most animals because of their amazing stamina. A wolf can leap about 16 ft. (David, Wolf) (Endangered Species, Gray Wolf)
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Body Covering

A wolf is similar to a German Shepard. But the wolves have longer legs, big feet, a more wide head, a long bushy tail, and short pointed ears. All wolves are covered in thick fur and they shed at some time in the year. A wolf is a vertebrate since it has a backbone. Their fur can be brown, black, gray, or, white. Usually it is gray mixed with white and brown.(David, Wolf)
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Diet

Wolves are pros at hunting. They usually prey on large hoofed animals like caribou, deer, elk, and moose since they are carnivores. But they'll eat dead ones too. A wolf's diet will never change. They'll always eat meat. They hunt in groups called packs. The pack has about 8-20 wolves per group. But they sometimes hunt alone.(David, Wolf)

Reproduction

A lone wolf is a wolf who travels alone until it finds a mate. They will eventually have cubs and form their own pack. Wolves mate during the winter. The young female will give birth to about 1-11 pups in their home which is called a den. The den may be a fallen log, a cave, or underground.(David, Wolf) The babies will drink their mother's milk until they are 3 weeks old. They start to eat meat. The adults will eat the dead animal and cough it up for the babies to eat. The pups will permanently leave the den when they are about 2 months old. Then, the now older pups will hunt with the pack. (David, Wolf)
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Adaptations

A wolf pack has a "class system" called a dominance hierarchy. It's generally divided into to 2 groups. The dominant wolves and the subordinate wolves. The upper most important wolves are called the alpha male and female. Under that are the less important wolves. A dominant wolf may stand tall and proud while the subordinate wolves may crouch with their tail between their legs. Their ears droop and they might whine too. Wolves will howl for many reasons. One is to communicate through thick forests. They also howl to summon pack members to a specific spot to see if everyone is there. They'll howl to declare their territory, too.(Sheppard Software, Gray Wolf)

Other Info

People are scared of wolves because they are so vicious and sneaking. They kill the wolves just because they are scared. People use wolves in stories because they are cunning and smart. They scare some people half to death. But the truth is the wolves are more scared of us instead. The wolf wolves live about 6-8 years. Most adult male wolves weigh about 75-120 lbs.
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Works Cited




Reference Source

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"Gray Wolf (Canis Lupus)." Encyclopedia of Endangered Species. N.p.: n.p., 2009.
N. pag. Gale Research in Context. Web. 5 May 2016.
<http://go.galegroup.com/ps/
retrieve.do?sort=RELEVANCE&docType=Topic+overview&tabID=T001&prodId=MSIC&searchId
=R1&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchType=BasicSearchForm&contentSegment=¤t
Position=3&searchResultsType=MultiTab&inPS=true&userGroupName=auro18260&docId=GAL
E%7CCV2644720188&contentSet=GALE%7CCV2644720188>.

Created: 05/05/16 05:05 PM

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"Wolf." The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. N.p.: n.p., 2016. N. pag. Gale
Research in Context. Web. 5 May 2016. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/
retrieve.do?sort=RELEVANCE&docType=Topic+overview&tabID=T001&prodId=MSIC&searchId
=R2&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchType=BasicSearchForm&contentSegment=¤t
Position=1&searchResultsType=MultiTab&inPS=true&userGroupName=auro18260&docId=GAL
E%7CA69236400&contentSet=GALE%7CA69236400>.

Created: 05/05/16 05:19 PM

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"Wolves." Shepard Software. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2016.
<http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/content/animals/animals/mammals/
wolf.htm>.


David, Mech L. "Wolf." World Book Advanced. N.p.: World Book, 2016. N. pag.
World Book Online. Web. 12 May 2016. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/
advanced/article?id=ar607980&st=wolf#tab=homepage>.