Food-borne Illnesses

Nicole Darnell

E. Coli

Source: Found in raw or undercooked meat, raw milk, raw fruits and vegetables, contaminated water, including drinking untreated water and contaminated water.

Symptoms: Severe stomach cramps, stomach tenderness, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting.

Prevention: Cook hamburgers until they're 160 F, don't drink raw milk, wash your hands, utensils and raw produce thoroughly, keep raw foods separate, etc.

Listeriosis

Source: Found in soil, water, and some animals (including poultry and cattle). It can live in food processing plants, processed meats, raw milk and foods made from raw milk.

Symptoms: Fever, muscle pain, nausea, diarrhea. If infection spreads to the nervous system, symptoms such as headache, stiff neck, confusion, loss of balance, or convulsions can occur.

Prevention: Peel raw vegetables and fruit or wash them thoroughly before eating. Wash your hands.

Campylobacter

Source: The vast majority of cases are isolated events, not outbreaks, but it is still the most common cause of food poisoning in the U.S.. It's found in raw/undercooked poultry, unpasteurized milk, and contaminated water.

Symptoms: Diarrhea, cramps, fever, vomiting, diarrhea, etc.

Prevention: Wash your hands, keep your kitchen clean, don't drink raw milk, cook foods at appropiate temperatures, be careful when dealing with animals,etc.

Salmonella

Source: It's found in eggs, meat, contaminated water and poultry, but these bacteria can also contaminate fruits and vegetables.

Symptoms: Nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, fever, headache, etc.

Prevention: Cook eggs, meat, and poultry throughly, avoid raw eggs and milk. Wash your hands.

Norovirus

Source: Any raw food or food handled after being cooked can get contaminated with the norovirus.

Symptoms: Nausea, vomiting, cramps, diarrhea, weariness, fever, muscle pain, etc.

Prevention: Wash your hands, fruits, and vegetables throughly. Cook food throughly and avoid contact with infected people.

Botulism

Source: It's found in seafood, home-canned foods such as green beans, corn and beets. It has also occurred in chili peppers, baked potatoes, garlic, etc.

Symptoms: Difficulty breathing, swallowing or speaking, dry mouth, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, etc.

Prevention: Pressure cook food at 250 F for 20 to 100 minutes, depending on the food and don't eat canned food if it's bulging, smells, or tastes spoiled.