How to Assess the Reading Process
With Dr. Beth Scott: April 20, 2009
Four Reading Processes
- Error Detection Task
- The Student reads a passage and stops in the middle to discuss what they just read.
- Restating or elaborating on what they read.
- Produce responses that are connected to the text.
- Example: Goldilocks and the Three Bears: Students may make a connection when Goldilocks was in the woods with a basket walking to her grandma's house by saying they like to go see their grandma.
- This occurs after the reading has taken place.
- The teacher can ask specific questions to the students about what they read.
- Determine how students are thinkng and what strategies they are using.
- Evidence of metacognition (Ex: How they figured out an unknown word).
Error Detection Task
- There are errors embeded in the text.
- Students have to read and identify.
- Example: The mother put the 'lion' in the baby carriage; the student would identify that the baby should replace lion.
- Can be in a variety of forms.
- Includes a question stem or statement.
- Response: 4 choices the students can choose that reflects their thinking about a task.
- Whole Group
Advice for Teachers
- Questionnaire is a great way to begin the process to find out what the students are thinking about.
- Group students according to how they use strategies.
- If you find students who may be struggling, you can do a think-aloud with the student.
- Then do an interview.
- Error Detection Task is not an effective text processing assessment (it complicates student responses)
- Should not rely on just one technique
Advice for Principals and Policy Makers
- Encourage teachers to look at the student's process and get the reading specialist involved.
- Find ways and time to examine what students are doing during reading so we can help with instruction.
Advice for Parents
- Give kids leway of thinking.
- Let the kids talk about what they are reading and discuss it with them.