Life of the Huron

BEFORE EUROPEAN CONTACT

Location

Huron is found in Eastern Canada near central Ontario in the areas around Lake Simcoe and Georgian. Diseases caused some people to move East or settle in the states. Today most live in a village called Torette, near Quebec. 17th Century, 10 to 30 thousand people were living in the area.

Environmental Living Conditions

A large portion of the Saint Lawrence lower lands has been cleared for cities and farms. Thick forestry, lakes and bogs, Not ideal for farming in theses regions. Swampy land full of rocky land and many kinds of fish for food. In the The vegetation in the Tundra has shrubs grasses, lichens and mosses, there use to be Cedar, Fir Maple, Oak, Elm, Beach woods and even blue berry bushes. The animals that roam the area in the North are Moose, Black bears, and white-tailed deer. In the South, there are skunks, porcupines, rabbits, muskrats, and foxes. There are three main regions, Hudson's Bay low lands, Canadian Shield and the Great Lakes. The summers are short and the winters are cold and long. The lowest temperature recorded has been -58.3 degrees Celsius, and the highest temperature has been 42.2 degrees Celsius. Only some parts were ideal for farming the Lowlands. The lived in houses about 25-30 meters long and height and width of 6-9 meters. The farming provided most of their food and managed to make cornmeal and grind it into flour. They made their clothing out of the fur from beaver deer. For the transportation, they mainly used snow shoes and sled/toboggans or canoes to travel on water.

Group

The Huron followed the Matrilocal system, The men protected the villages and hunted fished for food, made tools and did trading. Women tended to the crops and harvesting more than the men did. They also washed and prepared meals. The next generation of the families would inherit the titles of their mothers side of the family.