Canada's Defining Moments

done by : Ronaldo

Introduction

In the past, Canada has had a lot of moments and memories that some will never be forgotten. Below i will be listing and explaining a few of Canada defining moments which helped some of us know Canada as it is today.

Canada In World War 1

Canada joined World War 1 on August 4, 1914 along side Britain. The total casualties that Canada had at the end of the war was 67,000 soldiers killed and 250,000 wounded. Canada had one of the strongest armies in the war at the time and, one of Canada's biggest battles in World War 1 was battle of the Somme which started on July 1, 1916 and ended on November 18, 1916.
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Why is it a Defining moment

There were a lot different battles in WW1. The main one i'm talking about is battle of Vimy Ridge. Many historical people consider Canada's victory in "battle of Vimy ridge" as defining moment of Canada. Canada moved out of Britain's shadow and fought by them-self. Canada ended up with the victory at a bad cost, which means they had over 10,000 solders dead or wounded. *The battle of Vimy Ridge started on April 9, 1917 and ended on April 12, 1917*

WWI animation- Canada's Hundred Days, August 1918

1920 - 1930's

After WW1 most solders went back home and the remainders were either dead or still overseas, Also people were really poor and didn't have a lot of money after the stock market crash in the 1920's and many people needed money but didn't know how to get it.

Economic boost and Prohibiton

Why are they defining moments you might ask? When WW1 was over and all the soldiers got home. there was a lot of partying and people making love, so it involved a lot of drinking alcohol , beer , whiskey, etc. The government decided to ban the making of alcoholic beverages because the resources that are being used to make them were needed to make food for the solders that were overseas and that was known as prohibition. another thing is back in the 1920's people were really poor and had no money, so Canadian found a lot of discoveries such as oil in Alberta and also hydroelectric power and that made them a lot of money and it is known today as the Economic boost.

World War 2

World War 2 officially started on September 1, 1939. The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest ongoing battle in World War Two. As soon as Britain declared war on Germany, Canada quickly followed, entering the war on 10 September 1939, as they had a vested interest in sustaining Britain.Canadian security relied on British success in this war, along with maintaining national security, politically speaking, some felt it was Canada’s duty to assist her allies.
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Why is it a defining moment

Once World War Two had started in 1939, Canada did not have a navy of any importance. In 1939 Canada had 7 warships. Once entering the war, Canada needed a naval reformation in order to keep up with, and aid the British. On the outbreak of the war, Canada had roughly 3,500 men supporting the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN). In September 1940 the RCN grew to 10,000 men. Canada was given the responsibility to cover two strategical key points in the Atlantic.The first one is the "Mid-Atlantic Gap", located off the coast of Greenland. This gap was a very hostile point in the supply line which was very difficult to take control.The second and perhaps most forbidding task Canada was given was to control the English channel during Operation Overlord (The Normandy Invasion). On the 6th of June, 50 RCN escorts were redeployed from the North Atlantic and Canadian Waters for invasion duties. At the end of the war, Canada had made 25,343 successful escort voyages delivering 164,783,921 tons of cargo. By the end of the war, German documents state that the Royal Canadian Navy was responsible for the loss of 52 submarines in the Atlantic. In return 59 Canadian merchant ships, and 24 warships were sunk during the battle of the Atlantic. So Canada had really important responsibility's in in the battle of the Atlantic.

Canadian Space Agency (CSA) 1990's

The Canadian Space Agency or CSA was first found on May 10, 1990.Their main headquarters is located at the John H. Chapman Space Center in Saint-Hubert, Quebec and they also have offices in places such as Ontario and Ottawa.
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Why is it a Defining Moment?

The beginning of the Canadian upper atmosphere and space program may be traced back to the end of the Second World War. It was originally made for Canada but is now for other countries and astronauts who are doing scientific studies in space. There were many achievements and memories since it all started on May 10,1990. It is a date to remember because it was the Canadian Space Agency that was received by the Royal Assent which was the start of space exploration in Canada. The Government of Canada made and agreement to maintain the following to the CSA: “to promote the peaceful use of development of space, to advantage the knowledge of space through science, and to ensure that space science and technology provide social and economic benefits for Canadians.”

New vision system to support the inspection and maintenance of the ISS