States of Matter Poster Assignment
By: Michael McInroy
Is the state of matter in which materials have a definite shape and a definite volume.
- Almost all solids have some type of orderly arrangement of particles at the atomic level.
- Solids are often referred to as condensed phases because the particles are very close together.
- Does not flow easily.
Is the state of matter in which material has a definite volume but not a definite shape.
- A liquid always has the same shape as its container and can be poured from one container to another.
- The forces between liquid particles are weaker than the forces between solid particles.
- Liquid particles are further apart and can move about more easily.
Is the state of matter in which a material has neither a definite shape nor a definite volume.
- A gas takes the shape and volume of its container.
- Pure gases are made up of just one atom.
- Gas pressure is measured in pascals.
- Hydrogen sulfide
A highly ionized gas containing an approximately equal number of positive ions and electrons.
- Plasma is different from a gas, because it is made up of groups of positive and negatively charged particles.
- Natural plasmas aren't found around you that often.
- Man-made plasmas are everywhere.
- Welding arcs
- Fireball of a nuclear explosion
- Interstellar gas clouds
Is a state of matter of a dilute gas of bosons cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero.
- Bose-Einstein condensate atoms are unexcited and super cold.
- The BEC happens at super low temperatures.
- You can create a BEC with a few special elements.
- Liquid helium
- Rubidium atoms