Absolute Phrase

.

An absolute phrase combines a noun and a participle with any accompanying modifiers or objects

Examples :

1) Legs quivering

Legs = noun; quivering = participle.

2) Her arms folded across her chest

Arms = noun; folded = participle; her, across her chest = modifiers.

3) Her work completed, Amanda flew home.
[noun work + participle completed]

4) We scrambled along the shore, the waves splashing at our feet.
[noun waves + participle splashing]

5) The audience filed out, some to return home, others to gather at the pub.
[pronoun some + infinitive to return; pronoun others + infinitive to gather]