by: Hannah Foye
What is Schizophrenia
How Schizophrenia affects the body
The brain is affected by schizophrenia, it implicates the forebrain, hindbrain and limbic system. the limbic system is a collection of brain systems like the hippocampus and amygdala. The system is located in the innermost part of the brain and controls emotions, memories, learning and sexual behavior. Affecting the balance in neurotransmitter concentration of dopamine, glutamate and serotonin systems.
Who Does it Affect?
About 1% of the US population is diagnosed with schizophrenia. In men, schizophrenia symptoms usually start around the mid and early 20’s.In women, symptoms typically begin in the late 20s. It's uncommon for children to be diagnosed with schizophrenia and rare for those older than 45. The condition isn’t specific to another race but in African Americans its 3.3 times more likely than Americans, and 2.9 times more likely for Latinos. Schizophrenia is more common in men because, typically men are more engaged in physical sports which have a higher chance of leading to head/brain damage.
Is it Normal?
The body is affected because when a normal brain is functioning it doesn’t usually have delusions, hear voices, or have hallucinations.
How Would you get Schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia usually runs in families. If your mother didn't get enough to eat , had a viral infection, or took certain medicines for high blood pressure, then you have a higher chance. It occurs in 10 percent of people who have a first-degree relative with the disorder, such as a parent, brother, or sister.
A doctor can determine that you have schizophrenia if you have the symptoms: Delusions. Hallucinations. Disorganized thinking (speech), Extremely disorganized or abnormal motor behavior. Withdrawal from friends and family. A drop in performance at school, Trouble sleeping, Irritability or depressed mood, lack of motivation. Other symptoms are false beliefs, unclear or confused thinking, hearing voices that aren’t there, lack of social engagement and emotional expression, inactivity and suicidal thoughts. Sometimes people with schizophrenia seem totally fine until they say what they are thinking about.
Treatment may last a long time, medicines and therapy are mostly used to help. there are a few goals you have to make when trying to treat schizophrenia like, Developing a plan for about your recovery and setting goals for your home and work relationships. Some of the medicines are: Chlorpromazine, haloperidol, perphenazine.
If you have schizophrenia, then you have it your whole life. The treatments will lessen the symptoms but they’ll never be completely gone.
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